Bosco Verticale (Vertical Forest), designed by Boeri Studio, is a new concept of skyscraper, where trees and people live side by side. It is the first example in the world of a tower block which enriches the biodiversity of the flora and fauna of the city that houses it.
What are its main characteristics?
The design is characterized by its integrated vegetation comprising over 1,000 different species of trees, shrubs and plants. In total, the scheme contains 780 planted trees, seeking to increase the site’s biodiversity, which may have been adversely affected during the project’s construction.
On flat land, each Vertical Forest equals, in amount of trees, an area of 7000 m2 of forest. In terms of urban densification the equivalent of an area of single family dwellings of nearly 75.000 m2. The vegetal system of the Vertical Forest aids in the construction of a microclimate, produces humidity, absorbs CO2 and dust particles and produces oxygen.
The taller of the two towers climbs to a total height of 112 meters, with staggered concrete balconies protruding from each of the scheme’s façades. Each individual dwelling features a private garden which protects interior living space from acoustic pollution, dust particles, harsh winds and direct sunlight. At roof level, photovoltaic panels contribute to the self-sufficiency of the complex, while greywater from the building is filtered and reused to irrigate the site’s extensive flora.
Additionally, as part of the area’s regeneration, main roads and parking facilities have been placed underground, making room for a 160,000 square meter pedestrianized cycling area that incorporates greenery, public squares and bridges.
The scheme has been conceived as a botanical and architectural experiment, aiming to reduce energy consumption thanks to the leaves that filter sunlight and the consequential microclimate created on each terrace.
About the vertical forest
Biological habitats. Vertical Forest increases biodiversity. It helps to set up an urban ecosystem where a different kind of vegetation creates a vertical environment that can be colonized by birds and insects, and therefore becomes both a magnet and a symbol of the spontaneous re-colonization of the city by vegetation and by animal life. The creation of a network of environmental corridors that will give life to the main parks in the city.
Mitigations. Vertical Forest helps to build a micro-climate and to filter dust particles that are present in the urban environment. Sun rays and from acoustic pollution.
Anti-sprawl. Vertical Forest is an anti-sprawl measure which aims to control and reduce urban expansion. If we think of the urban sprawl of family houses and buildings of 50,000 square meters.
Trees are a key element in architectural projects and garden systems. In this case, with a group of botanists. This plant will be grown specifically for this purpose and will be pre-cultivated. These plants can be used to find the conditions.
Ecology billboards. Vertical Forest is a landmark in the city, which can be changed to different kinds of variable landscapes. The Vertical Forests will offer a view of the metropolitan city below.
Management. The management of the tree is under construction regulation, as well as the upkeep of the greenery and the number of plants for each pot.
Irrigation. In order to understand the need for water, the plan for these buildings took into account the distribution of plants across the various floors and their positioning.
- On November 19, 2014 Bosco Verticale won the International Highrise Award, a prestigious international competition bestowed every two years, honouring excellence in recently constructed buildings that stand a minimum of 100 meters (328 feet) tall. The five finalists were selected from 26 nominees in 17 countries.
- On the November 12, 2015 the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) selected Bosco Verticale as the “2015 Best Tall Building Worldwide” at the 14th Annual CTBUH International Best Tall Building Awards.