Catalan Modernisme (1900-1912)

Catalan modernisme was an architecture, design and decorative arts style emerged in Catalonia, Spain, during 20th centuary.  The centre  of the movement was Barcelona and its famous creator was Antonio Gaudì, who used Art Nouveau’s floral.

Ornamentation on the pavilions of the Hospital de Sant Pau
Ornamentation on the pavilions of the Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona

Image source: http://www.barcelona-life.com/barcelona/modernisme


 

Catalan Modernisme- Architects

Gaudì (1852–1926)- influenced by nature, he was inspired by its elements. His most famous work, the Sagrada Familia, whose plans for which are primarily built in three dimensional models, rather than drawn on paper.

View of the Passion Façade (Western side)
View of the Passion Façade (Western side)

Among the most famous buildings in the world, the Sagrada Familia was conceived from the start as a monumental project, defined primarily by the height of its spires and the extravagance of its design. Presently there are eight spir
es in place, completing two of the facades, with a third facade only recently just started. Symbolically charged at every level, the Sagrada Familia has long become itself an icon of the spirit of one of the coolest cities                                                             in the world.

Info source: http://www.spanish-art.org/spanish-architecture-modernism.html


Image source: https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sagrada_Fam%C3%ADlia

Lluís Domènech i Montaner (1850 – 1923) was a Catalan politician and architect who was an influential on the Catalan Art Nouveau / Jugendstil movement.  The best-known of his works are the construction of the Hotel Internacional, which no longer exists, but which was put up in a record time of 53 days, and the cafe-restaurant known as the Castell dels Tres Dragons (now the Museu de Zoologia de Barcelona) . The use of exposed chamfered brickwork and the use of exposed structural ironwork gives the building an industrial look, solid and compact on the lower levels but agile and transparent above, with its pierced parapets crowned by a pinnacle. The interior is an open space with two arches that support a stepped, symmetrical roof. Domènech incorporated the best of the applied arts and ornamental solutions that became permanent, such as the florid crowns of the capitals.

Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Llu%C3%ADs_Dom%C3%A8nech_i_Montaner#The_major_works

 Castell dels Tres Dragons (now the Museu de Zoologia de Barcelona)
Castell dels Tres Dragons (now the Museu de Zoologia de Barcelona)

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castle_of_the_Three_Dragons

 

Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert (1879 –1949) was a Catalan architect. He worked with Antoni Gaudí on many of his most famous works. Among Jujol’s projects are Casa Batlló, Casa Milà, Park Güell, and Our Lady of Montserrat, and among his design styles are Modernisme and Art Nouveau.

Casa Milà
Casa Milà

Casa Milà- He designed the house as a constant curve, both outside and inside, incorporating ruled geometry and naturalistic elements. Casa Milà consists of two buildings, which are structured around two courtyards that provide light to the nine storeys: basement, ground floor, mezzanine, main (or noble) floor, four upper floors, and an attic.  The resulting layout is shaped like an asymmetrical “8” because of the different shapes and sizes of the courtyards. The attic housed the laundry and drying areas, forming an insulating space for the building and simultaneously determining the levels of the roof. One of the most notable elements of the building is the roof, crowned with skylights, staircase exits, fans, and chimneys. All of these elements, constructed out of brick covered with lime, broken marble, or glass have a specific architectural function but are also real sculptures integrated into the building.

The apartments feature plastered ceilings with dynamic reliefs, handcrafted wooden doors, windows, and furniture, as well as hydraulic tiles and various ornamental elements.

The stairways were intended as service entries, with the main access to the apartments by elevator except for the noble floor, where Gaudí added a prominent interior staircase.

Info and image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Mil%C3%A0

 

Catalan Modernisme-Furniture

The search for beauty, utility and comfort and a certain element of exhibitionistic luxury are essentials of Modernism, as found in the interiors of bourgeois housing. Together with architects, carpenter-decorators became a fashionable profession, receiving commissions from the bourgeois and concerning themselves with the furniture design and decoration of the houses; a reflection of the tastes of the time and the new way of living. Gaspar Homar (1870-1953)and Joan Busquets (born 1946)   are two outstanding examples of this profession. The Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya holds a notable range their work, both projects and furniture.

Two-section display cabinet with mirror (1907-1908). Gaspar Homar
Two-section display cabinet with mirror (1907-1908). Gaspar Homar

Info and image source: http://www.museunacional.cat/en/interiors-modernisme-gaspar-homar-and-joan-busquets-0

 

Modernisme- Painting

Ramón Casas (1861-1932) was a Catalan Spanish artist; he was known as a portraitist, sketching and painting the intellectual, economic, and political elite of Barcelona, Paris, Madrid, and beyond; he was also known for his paintings of crowd scenes ranging from the audience at a bullfight to the assembly for an execution to rioters in the Barcelona streets. Also a graphic designer, his posters and postcards helped to define the Catalan art movement known as modernisme.

Santiago Rusiño6l (1861-1931)  was a Spanish painter, poet, and playwright. He was one of the leaders of the Catalan modernisme movement. He influenced Pablo Picasso as a modern artist, and also left a number of modernist buildings in Sitges, a town in Catalonia. He was most known for his plays, and                                                                   landscape and garden paintings.

Image and info source:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santiago_Rusi%C3%B1ol

 

 

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