Glasgow School was founded in Glasgow, Scotland, during the 1870s. Representives groups included The Four, the Glasgow Girls and the Glasgow Boys. The Glasgow School of Art was the centre of this movement, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_art
The painter Margaret MacDonald, the architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh, MacDonald’s sister Frances and Herbert McNair were also known as The Four or the Spook School; they defined Glasgow Style.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh, (1868-1928), Scottish architect and designer who was prominent in the Arts and Crafts Movement in Great Britain. His chief architectural projects were the Glasgow School of Art (1896–1909), considered the first original example of Art Nouveau architecture in Great Britain; two unrealized projects—the 1901 International exhibition, Glasgow (1898), and “Haus eines Kunstfreundes” (1901); Windyhill, Kilmacolm (1899–1901), and Hill House, Helensburgh (1902); the Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow (1904); and Scotland Street School (1904–06).
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willow_Tearooms
Margaret MacDonald (1864-1933) Skilled in a variety of media such as watercolour, metalwork, embroidery and textiles. Frances, Margaret’s sister, was her first collaborator resulting in an ambitious venture, the opening of the MacDonald Sisters Studio in the 1890s. Together they produced innovative work, with both their styles drawing inspiration from Celtic imagery, literature, symbolism and folklore.
Frances MacDonald (1873–1921) her painting is based on her intimate understanding of fhe landscape.
Info source: http://www.francesmacdonald.co.uk/
James Herbert MacNair (1868 – 1955), was a Scottish artist, designer and teacher, one of pioneer of Glasgow Style; he produced furniture, book illustrations, water colours and posters.
Image Source: http://www.artnet.com/artists/james-herbert-macnair
The Glasgow Girls
The Glasgow Girls is the name now used for a group of female designers and artists including Margaret and Frances MacDonald, Jessie M. King, Annie French, Helen Paxton Brown, Jessie Wylie Newbery, Ann Macbeth, Bessie MacNicol, Norah Neilson Gray, Stansmore Dean, Eleanor Allen Moore, De Courcy Lewthwaite Dewar, the silversmith Agnes Banks Harvey and Christian Jane Fergusson.
The name “Glasgow Girls” emerged much later. In the 1960s there was an attempt to give due attention to the work of the city’s women artists to balance the plentiful discussion of the Glasgow Boys.
The Glasgow Boys
Their subject matter featured rural, prosaic scenes from in and around Glasgow. Their colorful depictions attempted to capture the many facets of the character of Scotland.
The Glasgow Boys consisted of several men with passion for realism and naturalism. Along with this passion for naturalism, they shared a marked distaste for the Edinburgh oriented Scottish art establishment, which they viewed as oppressive. Driven and motivated by these ideals they embraced change, created masterpieces, and became Scottish icons in the process.