Probably the best-known American Designer associated with the Arts and Crafts movement, Gustav Stickley was a “mission style” furniture maker.
About his life
Gustav Stickley was born in Wisconsin in 1858. He began making wood furniture at his uncle’s chair factory in Pennsylvania, where Stickley’s work initially fit into the industrially produced Victorian style. Once Stickley became acquainted with the philosophy of John Ruskin and William Morris, his own practice changed dramatically. In 1898 Stickley traveled to Britain, visiting Arts & Crafts practitioners. In 1900, he founded the Craftsman Workshops in upstate New York, and the following year began publishing The Craftsman, a journal whose first two issues were devoted to the ideas of Ruskin and Morris. In 1915 he filed for bankruptcy, stopping publication of The Craftsman in December 1916 and selling Craftsman Farms in 1917. Gustav Stickley died on April 21, 1942. He is buried in the Oakwood Cemetery in Syracuse, New York.
info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav_Stickley
image source: https://www.theclio.com/web/ul/15228.28161.jpg
The furniture he designed and made was mostly of native American oak. Stickley began making furniture with the founding of the Craftsman Workshops in Eastwood, New York (now a part of Syracuse, New York) in 1904. His furniture was all handmade rather than machine made, crafted to be simple and useful. It was of a sturdy-plain design in contrast to the highly decorated late Victorian pieces. Joinery was exposed and upholstery was carried out in canvas and leather (natural materials). It became known as Mission Style. Stickley’s designs were exhibited at the prestigious Grand Rapids and Pan American furniture expositions.
info source: http://www.arts-crafts.com/archive/gstickley.shtml