Italian Liberty Style (1895-1914)

Liberty  or Floreal Style is the italian “Art Nouveau”. Developed  between  1895 and 1914, this movement influenced architecture, figurative arts and applied arts. The name refers to Arthur Liberty,  a famous  tissues and art objects expositor  in London. The movement appeared in Milan, Palermo, Florence and expecially in Turin during the First International Exposition of Modern Decorative Arts, in 1902.

Poster for the First International Exposition of Modern Decorative Arts. Turin.
Poster for the First International Exposition of Modern Decorative Arts. Turin.

Imagesource: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prima_Esposizione_Internazionale_d’Arte_Decorativa_Moderna


Characteristics 

Liberty Style was born in opposition to mass production and products standardization, that they were made with poor quality materials. The movement privilege craftsmanship; artists expressed the most of their creativity.


The most important characteristics  are:

  • Ornamental Style
  • Inspiration by nature
  • Sinuous and continuous lines
  • Movement
  • Aesthetic sophistication
  • Attention to details
  • Decorative elegance

In architecture and design, the materials used were glass and wrought iron,  in jewelry were semiprecious stones and opals and in painting were finished surfaces.

 Castiglioni Palace. Milan
Castiglioni Palace. Milan

Image source: https://it.pinterest.com/HectorFLM/palaces-staircases/

Villa Igiea. Palermo.
Villa Igiea. Palermo.

Image source:http://villa-igiea.com/it/gallery.html

 

Authors

In Italy there were many  important  figures of Liberty Style: Giuseppe Sommaruga, Raimondo D’Aronco, Adolfo Widt, Giuseppe Cominetti, Benvenuto Benvenuti, Ernesto Basile, Carlo Bugatti. Two of them marked the passage to the new art.

INFO SOURCE: http://www.settemuse.it/arte/corrente_liberty_stile_floreale.htm

 

26Ernesto Basile (1857-1932), a famous sicilian architect, worked mainly in Palermo, when he made the first work in Liberty Style: Villino Florio (1899-1902).

It was designed to Vincenzo Florio, the young est of the family Florio, and  it is characterized by different elements, that recall his the many trips . Small towers, columns, baroque surfaces are parts of this masterpiece.

Infosource:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernesto_Basile

Villino Florio. Inside
Villino Florio. Inside

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Images source:https://it.pinterest.com/ermelindaguarin/florio-age/

30In interior design, Carlo Bugatti(1855-1940) was the most important exponent. He was born in Milan and was a creative man.

 

His expansive furnitures  were made with precious wood, ivory, copper, nacre, camel and deer leather. Bugatti’s works mark the transition from 800’s furniture culture to design modern concept.

INFO SOURCE: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Bugatti

Armchair. Carlo Bugatti.
Armchair. Carlo Bugatti.
Writing desk and chair in black painted wood, metal inlaid and bone, lined with parchment
Writing desk and chair in black painted wood, metal inlaid and bone, lined with parchment

Images source: http://www.italianways.com/i-mobili-del-regno-incantato-di-carlo-bugatti/

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