Late Georgian (1760-1810)

Late Georgian period refers to the reign of George III (1760-1820). The style developed in reaction to both the Palladian and Rococò revival trends.

a classical era georgian house.
A classical era georgian house. Image source: http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/learn/story-of-england/georgians/architecture/

 

a style loved by english people

It may be pointed out that the different styles of ornament which had been introduced in the early Georgian period, formed the basis on which the later designers of the period based their own English ideas, which gave the furniture world characteristic styles expressing the individuality of the designer and master cabinet-maker. These ideas formed the basis of the furniture design through the various other periods followed and are also relevant to the Modern furniture concept. Infact, when self-builders and renovators want to create a home in a period style, they think about Georgian design more than any other, because it holds an enduring place in the hearts of the British public. 

Info source: http://www.artnewsnviews.com/age-of-aristocracy-georgian-furniturehttps://www.homebuilding.co.uk/georgian-style/


 

Middle-class Georgian house in Salisbury, England, with minimal classical detail.
Middle-class Georgian house in Salisbury, England, with minimal classical detail. Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgian_architecture

 

Georgian house, Stirtling, scotland.
Georgian house, Stirtling, scotland. Image source: http://www.georgian-house.com

WHICH ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT LATE GEORGIAN STYLE ARTISTS? 

In addition to architecture and interior design, the Georgian era saw great achievements in the decorative arts. Technical as well as aesthetic advances were made in pottery by Josiah Wedgwood and Josiah Spode.

Furniture design encompassed a variety of distinct and memorable styles, ranging from the complicated curves of pieces by Thomas Chippendale (mid-18th century), to the classical influence of the Robert Adam, to the straight, simple lines of the works of George Hepplewhite and Thomas Sheraton.

Info source: https://www.britannica.com/art/Georgian-style

Adam designed bookcase 1776, probably built by Thomas Chippendale.
Adam designed bookcase 1776, probably built by Thomas Chippendale. Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Adam

 

What are the key characteristics of Georgian style?

Because the Georgian era was so long, it is usually split into early, mid and late phases, but in general, Georgian homes stood for simplicity, power, prestige and stability, which was particularly important in England after the political and religious upheavals of the 17th century.

In the early georgian period, proportion is the key: Georgian homes look to the tenets of Classical architecture for their inspiration (meaning symmetry, ordered façades and strong). As a result, many grander houses of the Georgian era have columns, Classical motifs, and wide roof overhangs with shallow pitches.

However, as the Georgian era went on, it began to get pushed and pulled in more interesting directions: Georgian design began to be adapted to smaller houses and became more standardised.

Info source: https://www.homebuilding.co.uk/georgian-style/http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/learn/story-of-england/georgians/architecture/

characteristic elements :

wallpaper (came to supplant wood paneling as the preferred method of covering interior walls)

proportion and balance

Chinoiserie

sash window (were large and regularly placed on a grid)

– The cabriole leg was replaced by straight leg in favour of straight lines and narrow tapering Saber legs adorned with twisted fluting.

Mahogany is the primary wood of choice but some satinwood is also used.

-There is much use of painting, inlay, veneer, light carving and relief, and marquetry

colonnades inspired by ancient Greek and Roman temples.

bright colours

 

sash window
sash window. Image source: https://www.homebuilding.co.uk/georgian-style/

 

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images source: http://www.artnewsnviews.com/ age-of-aristocracy-georgian-furniture

 

Wallpaper on canvas, handpainted with chinoiserie ornaments.
Wallpaper on canvas, handpainted with chinoiserie ornaments. Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinoiserie
Detail of the 18th-century hand-painted Chinese wallpaper at Wrest Park, Bedfordshire.
Detail of the 18th-century hand-painted Chinese wallpaper at Wrest Park, Bedfordshire. Image source: http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/learn/story-of-england/georgians/architecture/

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