Materials and Techniques

ANCIENT MATERIALS

ANCIENT TECHNIQUES


 

ROMAN AGE (753BC-476AD)

 

MIDDLE AGES (500-1300)

 

RENAISSANCE (1300-1400)

  • Venetian Glass
  • Italian Maiolica
  • Marqueterie / Marquetry
  • Gutenberg’s Printing Press 1440

 

BAROQUE AND ROCOCO’ (1500-1700)

  • Boiserie
  • Gypsum Plaster (plaster of Paris)
  • Porcelain
  • Chinoserie

INDUSTRIALISM (1800)

  • First Industrial Revolution 1760-1840
    • Steam Power and Factory System
    • Textile Industry
    • Agricultural Revolution
  • The Invention of Hydraulic Concrete
    • Portland Cement 1824
  • Michael Thonet (1796– 1871)
    • The Invention of Curved Wood 1830
  • The Birth of Photography 1826-1834
  • Chance Brothers and Cylinder Process Glass 1832
  • Second Industrial Revolution 1840-1870
    • Reinforced Concrete 1849
    • Auguste e Louis Lumière
      • The Invention of Cinema 1895
  • Georges Méliès 1861-1938
    • Cinematic Special Effects  1896 e il 1914
  • Arthur Melbourne-Cooper 1874–1961
    • The Birth of Animation 1899
  • Edward de Smedt’s Asphalt 1870

MODERN (1900)

CONTEMPORARY (1900-2000)

  • Personal Computers
  • CAD Computer Aided Design
  • 3D Applications
  • Digital Design
  • Digital Art
  • Global Internet
  • Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism
  • Recycled Materials
  • Heating, Cooling and Ventilation
  • Solar Panels
  • Wind Turbines
  • Waste Management
  • PLM Product Life-Cycle Management
  • BIM Building Information Technology
  • Web 2.0
  • Mobile Revolution
  • Responsive Web Design
  • Cloud and Sharing