Post Modern rejects the traditional values and politically conservative assumptions of its predecessors, in favour of a wider concept of art, using new artistic forms enriched by latest media technology.
Post Modern- Architecture
- Reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture.
- Postmodern architecture rejects the notion of “pure” or “perfect” form, instead it draws from: all methods, materials, forms, and colours available to architects.
- Revival of traditional elements and techniques. Post modernists looked into past architecture in order to learn from it. Classical designs such as pillars, arches, and domes used in new, almost humorous ways, just to send a message to the modernist people.
Robert Charles Venturi, Jr. (born June 25, 1925) is an American architect, one of the major architectural figures in the twentieth century.
Venturi’s buildings typically juxtapose architectural systems, elements and aims, to acknowledge the conflicts often inherent in a project or site. This “inclusive” approach contrasted with the typical modernist effort to resolve and unify all factors in a complete and rigidly structured—and possibly less functional and more simplistic—work of art.
Image source: http://architectuul.com/architect/robert-venturi
Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Venturi
One of his works:
Franklin Court is complex of museums, structures, and historic sites within Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located at the site which American Patriot Benjamin Franklin had his Philadelphia residence from 1763 to his death in 1790.
The complex was designed by the firm of Venturi and Rauch, and opened in 1976 as part of the United States Bicentennial celebration. The site consists of the archaeological remnants of the Benjamin Franklin’s house and nearby buildings, “ghost” reconstruction of the form of the house and print shop, an underground museum focused on Franklin, and historic structures facing Market Street, including what are now a working post-office and printing-shop.
Most notable are the two “ghost structures” made of square tubular steel, recreating and suggesting the outline of the long-demolished buildings within the courtyard. The design resulted from inadequate historical information to properly reconstruct the structures, couple with emerging philosophical views at the time towards reconstruction of structures.
Info and image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Court#Architecture
Michael Graves (1934–2015) designed two of the most prominent buildings in the postmodern style, the Portland Building and the Denver Public Library. He later followed up his landmark buildings by designing large, low-cost retail stores for chains such as Target and J.C. Penney in the United States, which had a major influence on the design of retail stores in city centers and shopping malls.
Charles Moore (1925 –1993) was an American architect, educator, writer. The most famous work of architect Charles Moore is the Piazza d’Italia in New Orleans (1978), a public square composed of an exuberant collection of pieces of famous Italian Renaissance architecture.
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postmodern_architecture
Post Modern- Furniture
Some of the furnishings styles which define post-modern design are Craft Revival, ergonomic furniture, and art furniture. Post-modern furniture designer, Judy McKie, is known for her Craft Revival pieces which integrate stylized animal themes in distinctive, sculptural shapes. McKie’s expressive, handcrafted pieces can also be described as art furniture due to her emphasis on beautiful shapes, images, and forms.
Ergonomic furniture includes post-modern pieces for both the home and the workplace. The rise of the modern commercial office and the home office has lead to a need for comfortable seating and work spaces. An example of post-modern ergonomic home furniture is the Stressless® collection from Ekornes. Their recliner was introduced in 1971 with an emphasis on comfort that provided proper support at the same time. Ekornes now offers their contemporary sofas in styles and finishes that coordinate with the Stressless line of furnishings. Their line proves that comfort can be stylish.