Vienna Secession Style (1897-1914)

The Vienna Secession was a modernist movement which started in Munich in 1892 and was formed by a group of artists, architects, designers and other intellectuals, including the famous painter Gustav Klimt.

Secession Monograms
Secession Monograms

Image Source: http://www.nyarc.org/content/vienna-secession 

Secession History  

ver sacrumThe Secessionist trend appeared in several cities across Europe, beginning in Munich in 1892, where the newly formed Secession, led by Franz von Stuck, soon outshone the official arts organization. The Viennese Secession, formed in 1897 under Gustav Klimt, was the most influential breakaway and published its own periodical Ver Sacrum (Sacred Spring) to promote its ideas. It also built a spectacular new headquarters building (Haus der Wiener Sezession), designed by architect Joseph Maria Olbrich (1867-1908).

Info source: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/history-of-art/vienna-secession.htm

Gruss Aus Wien
Gruss Aus Wien

Image Source: http://www.theviennasecession.com/vienna-secession/


Secession Architecture 

Joseph Maria Olbrich (1867-1908) – Secession Exhibition Building, Vienna, Austria-  It was built as an exhibition space, so the interior is very flexible. It is on a Greek cross plan. Four pylons support a gilded openwork laurel wreath dome . The plan and the forms embrace pure geometry. Ornamentation is extensive; flat stylised organic forms. The construction is brick with iron reinforcements, the surfaces covered in plaster and whitewashed. The inscription above the entrance reads ‘Der Zeit ihre Kunst / Der Kunst ihre Freiheit’, meaning ‘to every age its art, every art its freedom’, emphasising the desire to form a representative artistic language.

Secession Exhibition Building
Secession Exhibition Building, Vienna

Info and image source: https://voices.uchicago.edu/201504arth15709-01a2/2015/11/16/vienna-secession/

Josef Hoffmann (1870 –1956) was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods. In 1906, Hoffmann built his first great work on the outskirts of Vienna, the Sanatorium Purkersdorf .

Otto Wagner (1841-1918) He spent his life in a variety of roles, including teacher, student, urban planner, architect, and, most essentially, designer of complete environments.

One of the most transformative projects of Wagner’s era, the Austrian Postal Savings Bank (Österreichische Postsparkasse) took nearly a decade to plan, design, and build, beginning in 1904. Constructed of reinforced concrete, metal, stone, and glass, it celebrates light, air, and the honesty of functionalism with the new materials of the time. If one compares it to his two private residences, Villa Wagner I(1886–88) and Villa Wagner II (1912–13), built for each of his marriages, it becomes clear that in Wagner’s mind, Belle Epoque eclecticism had been banished in favor of the new, functional world. 

Info source: http://www.architecturaldigest.com/story/otto-wagner-vienna-austria-modernism-architecture-blog

Wagner Villa I (1886–88)
Wagner Villa I (1886–88)

Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wagner_Villa.jpg

Secession  Artists

Gustave Klimt  (1862-1918) was the founder and leading figure in the Vienna Secession movement; he was also the principal member of the Viennese Art Nouveau style of graphic art. Klimt is best known for his decorative art, or at least his decorative style of painting, which – in the manner of Byzantine Art – used gold and semi-precious gems for ornamentation, and is characterized by a flat linear style, often decorated with biomorphic forms, as exemplified by his masterpiece The Kiss (1908).

The Kiss (1908)
The Kiss (1908)

Image and info sources: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-artists/gustav-klimt.htm#painting

Josef Maria Auchentaller (1865–1949) was an Austrian painter, draftsman, and printmaker associated with the Vienna Secession and the Art Nouveau style. He was a contributor to the magazine Ver Sacrum, a Secessionist publication. His work consisted primarily of floral motifs and linear drawings influenced by Japanese woodcuts which were the popular during that time.

Bunte Bände (Portrait of Maria),1912
Bunte Bände (Portrait of Maria), 1912

Image and infosource: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Maria_Auchentaller

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