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ANCIENT MATERIALS

ANCIENT TECHNIQUES


ANCIENT STYLES

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

  • Arabic Numerals (500)
  • Chinese Gunpowder (800)
  • Abbas ibn Firnas, The First Flying Man  (810–887)

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

ART

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

ART

  • Dutch and Flemish Renaissance
    • Jan van Eyck 1385–1440
    • Albrecht Dürer 1471-1528

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

  • Cristoforo Colombo and The New World (1492)
  • Amerigo Vespucci and The Exploration of America (1497-1507)
  • The European Conquistadores (1519-1560)
  • The Golden Age of The Spanish Empire (1521-1643)

ART

  • Tintoretto (1518-1594)
  • Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526-1593)

MUSIC

 

ART

  • Caravaggio – Michelangelo Merisi (1571-1610)

  • Pieter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669)
  • Jan Vermeer (1632-1675)

 

 

ART

  • Neoclassic Art
    • Joseph-Marie Vien 1716-1809
    • Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825
    • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres 1780-1867
    • Antonio Canova 1757-1822
    • Etienne-Louis Boullée 1728-1799
    • Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1736-1806
    • Bertel Thorvaldsen 1770-1844
    • Giuseppe Piermarini 1734-1808
    • Giuseppe Valadier 1762-1839
    • Karl-Friederich Schinkel 1781-1841

 

  • Industrialism 1760-1870

  • First Industrial Revolution 1760-1840
    • Steam Power and Factory System
    • Textile Industry
    • Agricultural Revolution
  • John Smeaton
  • The Invention of Hydraulic Concrete
    • Eddystone Lighthouse 1759
  • Josepth Aspdin
    • Portland Cement 1824
  • Chance Brothers and Cylinder Process Glass 1832
  • Second Industrial Revolution 1840-1870
    •  François Coignet 1814-1888
      • The Invention of Reinforced Concrete 1849
      • Francois Coignet House (1853)
    • Transportation: Railways, Boats and Ships
    • Industrialisation and Urbanisation
    • Parkesine / Nitrocellulose , first man-made plastic 1856

PHOTOGRAPHY

  • William Fox Talbot 1880-1877
    • The Birth of Photography 1826-1834

 

ART

  • Realism 1830 – 1970
    • Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet 1819–1877
    • Jean-François Millet 181 –1875
  • Romantic Art
    • Johann Heinrich Füssli 1741-1825
    • Francisco de Goya 1746-1828
    • William Blake 1757-1827
    • William Turner 1775-1851
    • John Constable 1776-1837
    • Théodore Géricault 1791-1824
    • Eugène Delacroix  1798–1863

MUSIC

  • Bel  Canto  School
  • Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Verdi, Puccini
  • German Opera
  • Wagner

 

ART

  • Pre-Impressionism
  • Édouard Manet 1832-1883
    • Paul Cézanne 1839–1906
  • Impressionism 1860 -1890
    • Claude Monet 1840-1926
    • Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1841-1919
    • Edgar Degas 1834-1917
  • Neo/Post-impressionism 1886-1905
    • Paul Gauguin 1848-1903
    • Vincent Willem van Gogh 1853–1890
  • Pointillism 1879
    • Georges-Pierre Seurat 1859-1891

GRAPHIC DESIGN & ANIMATION

  • Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau 1801-1883
    • Phenakistiscope 1833
  • Jules Chéret 1836-1932
  • Emile Reynaud 1844-1918
    • Praxinoscope 1877

CINEMA

  • Auguste e Louis Lumière
    • The Invention of Cinema 1895
  • Georges Méliès 1861-1938
    • Cinematic Special Effects  1896 e il 1914
    • Le Voyage dans la Lune 1902
  • Arthur Melbourne-Cooper 1874–1961
    • The Birth of Animation 1899
  • Capitalism, Socialism and Romanticism

 

MUSIC

  • The Birth of Jazz

 

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood 1848
    • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Walter Crane 1845-1915
  • Decadentism
    • Jan Toorop 1858–1928
    • Aubrey Beardsley 1872-1898

 

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • William Henry Bradley 1868–1962
  • Edward Penfield 1866–1925
  • Alfons Mucha 1860–1939
  • James Ensor 1860- 1949
  • Otto Eckmann 1865-1902
  • Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940
  • Georges de Feure 1868–1943
  • Leopoldo Metlicovitz 1868–1944
  • Adolf Hohenstein 1854–1928
  • Leonetto Cappiello 1875–1942)
  • Umberto Brunelleschi 1879-1949

 

 

ART

  • Fauvism 1904-1909
    • Henri Matisse 1869–1954
    • André Derain 1880–1954
  • Cubism 1907-1914
    • Pablo Picasso 1881-1973
    • Georges Braque 1882-1963
  • Futurism 1909-1930
    • Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
    • Giacomo Balla 1871 1958
    • Umberto Boccioni 1882-1916
  • Pittura Metafisica 1909-1919
    • Giorgio De Chirico 1888-1978
  • Dada 1916-1930
    • Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968
    • Man Ray 1890-1976
    • Francis Picabia 1879-1953
  • Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920

CINEMA

  • The First Kolossals
    • The Siege of Troy 1911
    • Cabiria 1917

ANIMATION

  • Emile Cohl (1857-1938)
    • Fantasmagorie 1908
  • Winsor McCay (1869-1934)
    • Little Nemo 1911

 

ART

  •  Expressionist Art 1910-1930
    • James Ensor 1860–1949
    • Edvard Munch 1863–1944
    • Oskar Kokoschka 1886–1980
    • Egon Schiele 1890–1918
  • Abstractism ( Abstract Expressonism ) 1905 – 1930
  • Suprematism, Constructivism
    • Kazimir Malevich 1878-1935
    • El Lissitzky 1890-1941

CINEMA

  • Expressionist Cinema
    • Robert Wiene’s Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari 1920
    • Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau’s Nosferatu 1922
    • Fritz Lang’s Metropolis 1927

 

 

ART

  • Surrealism 1920
    • André Breton 1896-1966
    •  Francis Picabia 1879-1953
    • René Magritte 1898-1967
    • Max Ernst 1891 – 1976
    • Salvador Dalí 1904-1989
  • Edward Hopper 1882-1967
  • Grant Wood 1892-1942
  • George Grosz 1893-1959
  • Alexander Calder 1898-1976
  • Frida Kahlo 1907-1954

CINEMA

  • Carl Th. Dreyer
  • Hollywood Studios Golden Era
    • David W. Griffith
    • Charlie Chaplin

ANIMATION

  • Winsor McCay
  • Walt Disney (1901-1966)
    • The birth of Mickey Mouse 1928

 

 

  • Gruppo 7
  • Giuseppe Terragni
  • Marcello Piacentini
  • Sapienza University
  • EUR Esposizione Universale Roma 1936-1942
  • Albert Speer
  • Totalitarian Architecture

 

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Tamara de Lempicka 1898–1980
  • Georges Lepape  1887–1971

 

 

Late Modern (1950-Today)

  • Neo Rationalism (1950-Today)
    • Aldo Rossi
    • Giorgio Grassi
  • Richard Neutra (1892–1970)
    • Kaufmann Desert House 1946
  • Philip Johnson (1906-2005)
    • Glass House 1949
  • Louis Khan 1901-1974
    • Phillips Exeter Academy Library 1965
  • Michael Graves
  • Paul Laszlo 1900–1993
  • Issamu Noguchi 1904-1988
    • Biomorphic Coffee Table 1947
  • George Katsutoshi Nakashima 1905–1990
  • Charles & Ray Eames 1907–1978 – 1912–1988
    • LCW Chair 1948
    • Eames Loung Chair 1956
  • Finn Juhl 1912–1989
  • Hans Jørgensen Wegner 1914-2007
  • Harry Bertoia 1915-1978
    • Wire Chair
  • Paul McCobb 1917-1969
  • Jacques Hitier 1917–1999
  • Florence Knoll
  • Jens Risom

ART

  • Alberto Giacometti 1877-1966
  • Henry Spencer Moore 1898-1986
  • Lucio Fontana (1899-1968)
  • Abstract Expressionism 1940
    • Action Painting
      • Jackson Pollock 1912-1956
    • Color Field Painting
      • Mark Rothko 1903-1970
  • Marino Marini 1901-1980
  • Francis Bacon 1909-1992
  • Alberto Burri 1915-1995
  • Jean Tinguely

CINEMA

  • Yasujirō Ozu 1903–1963
  • Kaneto Shindō 1912–2012
  • Italian Neo-realism
    • Luchino Visconti 1906-1976
    • Roberto Rosselini 1906-1977
    • Vittorio De Sica 1901-1974

 

ART

  • New Dada
  • Pop Art
    • Richard Hamilton (1922-2011)
    • Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)
    • Andy Warhol (1928-1987)

CINEMA

  • Akira Kurosawa 1910-1998
  • Italian Masters of Cinema
    • Federico Fellini 1920-1993
    • Pier Paolo Pasolini 1922-1975
    • Michelangelo Antonioni 1912-2007
  • French Nouvelle Vague
    François Truffaut
    Jean-Luc Godard
  • Alfred Hitchcock 1826-1980
  • Saul Bass 1920-1996

 

ART

  • Happening
  • Video Art
    • Bill Viola
  • Psychedelic Art
  • Conceptual Art
  • Performance Art
  • Op Art
  • Arte Povera
  • Minimal Art
    • Yves Klein
    • Frank Stella
    • Donald Judd
  • Milton Glaser

CINEMA

  • David Lean
  • John Schlesinger
  • Dennis Hopper
  • Roman Polanski
  • Sergio Leone

CINEMA

  • New Hollywood and the VCR
    • Martin Scorsese
    • Francis Ford Coppola

MUSIC

  • Punk
  • Alternative
  • Hip Hop

 

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

  • Personal Computers
  • Microsoft 1975
  • Apple 1976
  • Software
  • Video Games
  • 3D Animation

CINEMA

 

ART

  • Donald Judd (1928-1994)
  • Sol Le Witt
  • Richard Serra
  • Post-Minimal Art

CINEMA

  • Andrei Tarkovsky 1932–1986

 

CINEMA

  • David Lynch
  • Leos Carax

 

  • Neo-Expressionism 1980s-Today

  • Jorn Utzon
  • Zaha Hadid (1950-2016)
    • Moon System 2007
  • Jacques Herzog & Pierre de Meuron
  • Christian de Portzamparc
  • Shigeru Ban
  • Santiago Calatrava
  • Arata Isozaki
  • Fumihiko Maki
  • Massimiliano Fuksas
  • Rafael Moneo
  • Bjarke Ingels
  • Ma Yansong
  • Tom Wright
  • Antonio Citterio
  • Sam Maloof 1916–2009
  • Timothy Schreiber
  • Marc Newson
  • Dakota Jackson
  • Tokujin Yoshioka
  • Frans Schrofer

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

  • CAD Computer Aided Design
  • 3D Applications
  • Digital Design
  • Digital Art
  • Global Internet

CINEMA

  • Terry Gilliam
  • Roy Andresson
  • Darren Aronofsky
  • Wes Anderson

 

  • Radical-Kitsch-1980s-Today

    • Studiodada 1981
    • Alessandro Mendini
      • Proust Armchair
    • Ron Arad
      • Bookworm
    • Philippe Starck
      • Costes chair 1982
      • Louis Ghost Chair 2002
      • Gun Lamp 2005
    • Marteen Baas
      • Burnt Furniture
    • Christopher Guy Harrison
    • Karim Rashid
    • Marcel Wanders
    • Terence Main
      • Frond Chair
    • Patricia Urquiola
    • Ferruccio Laviani
    • Xavier Lust
    • Harow

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Maurizio Cattelan
  • Marina Abramovic
  • Christo Javacheff
  • Bruce Nauman

CINEMA

  • Special Effects Films
    • Steven Spielberg
    • George Lucas
    • Robert Zemeckis
    • Tim Burton
    • Quentin Tarantino
  • 3D Animation
    • Toy Story 1995

ANIMATION & COMICS

  • Hayao Miyazaki
  • Jiro Tanicuchi
  • Frank Miller
  • Milo Manara

Street & Underground-1980s-Today

  • Graffiti Art
    • Jean-Michel Basquiat 1960-1988
  • Street Art
    • Banksy
    • Shepard Fairey
    • Space Invader
  • Street Pop
    • Thierry Guetta AKA Mr. Brainwash
  • Pop Surrealism
    • Gary Baseman

COMICS

  • Robert Crumb
    • Fritz the Cat 1969
  • Charles Burns
  • Andrea Pazienza
  • Tanino Liberatore
    • Ranx Xerox

 

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

  • Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism
  • Recycled Materials
  • Heating, Cooling and Ventilation
  • Solar Panels
  • Wind Turbines
  • Waste Management
  • PLM Product Life-Cycle Management
  • BIM Building Information Technology
  • Web 2.0
  • Mobile Revolution
  • Responsive Web Design
  • Cloud and Sharing

Design Today

  • Graphic Design
  • Cumunication Design
  • Web Design
  • Responsive Design
  • Interior Design
  • Exhibition Design
  • Scenography
  • Furniture Design
  • Lighting Design
  • Color Design
  • Photography
  • Fashion Design
  • Car Design
  • Yacht Design
  • Audio Design