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ANCIENT MATERIALS

ANCIENT TECHNIQUES

ANCIENT STYLES

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

  • Arabic Numerals (500)
  • Chinese Gunpowder (800)
  • Abbas ibn Firnas, The First Flying Man  (810–887)

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

  • Tapestry: Carpets and Arras
  • Chinese Firearms 13th Century
  • The Eyeglasses 13th Century

ART

  • Giotto (1267-1337)

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

ART

  • Italian Renaissance Art
    • Donatello 1386-1466
    • Paolo Uccello 1397-1475
    • Piero Della Francesca (1416-1492
    • Masaccio 1401–1428
    • Andrea Mantegna 1431–1506
    • Sandro Botticelli 1445–1510
    • Leonardo da Vinci 1452–1519
      • Le Macchine
    • Michelangelo 1475–1564
    • Giorgione 1478-1510
    • Raffaello / Raphael 1483–April
    • Titian 1488–1576
  • Dutch and Flemish Renaissance
    • Jan van Eyck 1385–1440
    • Albrecht Dürer 1471-1528

 

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

  • Cristoforo Colombo and The New World (1492)
  • Amerigo Vespucci and The Exploration of America (1497-1507)
  • The European Conquistadores (1519-1560)
  • The Golden Age of The Spanish Empire (1521-1643)

ART

  • Tintoretto (1518-1594)
  • Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526-1593)

MUSIC

  • The Birth of Italian Opera
  • Claudio  Monteverdi  (1567 -1643)

 

ART

  • Caravaggio – Michelangelo Merisi (1571-1610)

  • Pieter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669)
  • Jan Vermeer (1632-1675)

 

 

ART

  • Neoclassic Art
    • Joseph-Marie Vien 1716-1809
    • Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825
    • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres 1780-1867
    • Antonio Canova 1757-1822
    • Etienne-Louis Boullée 1728-1799
    • Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1736-1806
    • Bertel Thorvaldsen 1770-1844
    • Giuseppe Piermarini 1734-1808
    • Giuseppe Valadier 1762-1839
    • Karl-Friederich Schinkel 1781-1841

 

  • Industrialism 1760-1870

  • First Industrial Revolution 1760-1840
    • Steam Power and Factory System
    • Textile Industry
    • Agricultural Revolution
  • John Smeaton
  • The Invention of Hydraulic Concrete
    • Eddystone Lighthouse 1759
  • Josepth Aspdin
    • Portland Cement 1824
  • Chance Brothers and Cylinder Process Glass 1832
  • Second Industrial Revolution 1840-1870
    • Transportation: Railways, Boats and Ships
    • Industrialisation and Urbanisation

PHOTOGRAPHY AND CINEMA

  • William Fox Talbot 1880-1877
    • The Birth of Photography 1826-1834
  • Auguste e Louis Lumière
    • The Invention of Cinema 1895
  • Georges Méliès 1861-1938
    • Cinematic Special Effects  1896 e il 1914
    • Le Voyage dans la Lune 1902
  • Arthur Melbourne-Cooper 1874–1961
    • The Birth of Animation 1899
  • Capitalism, Socialism and Romanticism

 

ART

  • Realism 1830 – 1970
    • Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet 1819–1877
    • Jean-François Millet 181 –1875
  • Romantic Art
    • Johann Heinrich Füssli 1741-1825
    • Francisco de Goya 1746-1828
    • William Blake 1757-1827
    • William Turner 1775-1851
    • John Constable 1776-1837
    • Théodore Géricault 1791-1824
    • Eugène Delacroix  1798–1863

MUSIC

  • Bel  Canto  School
  • Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Verdi, Puccini
  • German Opera
  • Wagner

 

  • Pre-Modern 1800 (19th Century)

  • The Birth of Industrial Design
  • Michael Thonet (1796– 1871)
    • The Invention of Curved Wood 1830
    • Boppard Layerwood Chair 1836
    • Chair 14 “Chair of Chairs” 1859
  • François Coignet 1814-1888
    • The Invention of Reinforced Concrete 1849
  • Eiffel Brothers
    • The Eiffel Tower 1887-1889
  • Shaker Style
    • Ladder Back Chair 1860
    • Tabitha Babbit 1779-1853
    • The Invention of Circular Saw

ART

  • Pre-Impressionism
  • Édouard Manet 1832-1883
    • Paul Cézanne 1839–1906
  • Impressionism 1860 -1890
    • Claude Monet 1840-1926
    • Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1841-1919
    • Edgar Degas 1834-1917
  • Neo/Post-impressionism 1886-1905
    • Paul Gauguin 1848-1903
    • Vincent Willem van Gogh 1853–1890
  • Pointillism 1879
    • Georges-Pierre Seurat 1859-1891

GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Jules Chéret 1836-1932

MUSIC

  • The Birth of Jazz

 

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood 1848
    • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Walter Crane 1845-1915
  • Decadentism
    • Jan Toorop 1858–1928
    • Aubrey Beardsley 1872-1898

 

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • William Henry Bradley 1868–1962
  • Edward Penfield 1866–1925
  • Alfons Mucha 1860–1939
  • Otto Eckmann 1865-1902
  • Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940
  • Georges de Feure 1868–1943
  • Leopoldo Metlicovitz 1868–1944
  • Adolf Hohenstein 1854–1928
  • Leonetto Cappiello 1875–1942)
  • Umberto Brunelleschi 1879-1949

 

 

ART

  • Fauvism 1904-1909
    • Henri Matisse 1869–1954
    • André Derain 1880–1954
  • Cubism 1907-1914
    • Pablo Picasso 1881-1973
    • Georges Braque 1882-1963
  • Futurism 1909-1930
    • Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
    • Giacomo Balla
    • Umberto Boccioni 1882-1916
  • Pittura Metafisica 1909-1919
    • Giorgio De Chirico 1888-1978
  • Dada 1916-1930
    • Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968
  • Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920

CINEMA

  • The First Kolossals
    • The Siege of Troy 1911
    • Cabiria 1917

 

ART

  •  Expressionist Art 1910-1930
    • James Ensor 1860–1949
    • Edvard Munch 1863–1944
    • Oskar Kokoschka 1886–1980
    • Egon Schiele 1890–1918
  • Abstractism ( Abstract Expressonism ) 1905 – 1930
  • Suprematism, Constructivism
    • Kazimir Malevich 1878-1935
    • El Lissitzky 1890-1941

CINEMA

  • Expressionist Cinema
    • Robert Wiene’s Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari 1920
    • Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau’s Nosferatu 1922
    • Fritz Lang’s Metropolis 1927

 

 

  • Modern 1920-1970

  • International Style (1920-1970)
  • Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)
  • Mies Van Der Rohe 1886-1969
    Barcelona Pavillon 1929
    Barcelona Chair 1929
  • Lilly Reich 1885–1947
  • Robert Mallet-Stevens 1886–1945
  • Le Corbusier 1887-1965
    • LC Furniture 1929
    • Ville Savoy 1931
    • The Modulor 1946
  • Charlotte Perriand 1903–1999
    • Siège Pivotant 1927
  • Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto 1898–1976
    • 401 Chair 1932
  • Mart Stam 1899-1986
  • Jean Prouvé 1901–1984
    • Standard Chair and Table 1934
    • Potence Lamp 1946

ART

  • Surrealism 1920
    • André Breton 1896-1966
    •  Francis Picabia 1879-1953
    • René Magritte 1898-1967
    • Max Ernst 1891 – 1976
    • Salvador Dalí 1904-1989
  • Edward Hopper 1882-1967
  • Frida Kahlo 1907-1954

CINEMA

  • Carl Th. Dreyer
  • Hollywood Studios Golden Era
    • David W. Griffith
    • Charlie Chaplin

 

 

  • Gruppo 7
  • Giuseppe Terragni
  • Marcello Piacentini
  • Sapienza University
  • EUR Esposizione Universale Roma 1936-1942
  • Albert Speer
  • Totalitarian Architecture

 

  • Art Decò 1925-1945

    • Eileen Gray 1878-1976
    • Emile-Jacques Ruhlmann 1879-1933
    • Paul T. Frankl 1886–1958
    • Karl Emmanual Martin Weber
    • Paul Follot 1877-1941
    • Paul Theodore Frankl 1886-1962
    • Betty Joel 1894-1985
      • Cambridge Armchair 1935
    • William van Alen 1883-1954
    • Raymond Hood 1881 – 1934
    • Andre Leon Arbus 1903-1969

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Tamara de Lempicka 1898–1980
  • Georges Lepape  1887–1971

 

 

Late Modern (1950-Today)

  • Neo Rationalism (1950-Today)
    • Aldo Rossi
    • Giorgio Grassi
  • Richard Neutra 1892–1970
    • Kaufmann Desert House 1946
  • Philip Johnson 1906-2005
    • Glass House 1949
  • Louis Khan 1901-1974
    • Phillips Exeter Academy Library 1965
  • Michael Graves
  • Paul Laszlo 1900–1993
  • Issamu Noguchi 1904-1988
    • Biomorphic Coffee Table 1947
  • George Katsutoshi Nakashima 1905–1990
  • Charles & Ray Eames 1907–1978 – 1912–1988
    • LCW Chair 1948
    • Eames Loung Chair 1956
  • Finn Juhl 1912–1989
  • Hans Jørgensen Wegner 1914-2007
  • Harry Bertoia 1915-1978
    • Wire Chair
  • Paul McCobb 1917-1969
  • Jacques Hitier 1917–1999
  • Florence Knoll
  • Jens Risom

ART

  • Late Modern Art
  • Francis Bacon 1909-1992

CINEMA

  • Yasujirō Ozu 1903–1963
  • Kaneto Shindō 1912–2012
  • Italian Neo-realism
    • Luchino Visconti 1906-1976
    • Roberto Rosselini 1906-1977
    • Vittorio De Sica 1901-1974

 

  • The Fifties and POP Culture 1950s

  • Economic Boom
  • Italian Industrial Design
  • Gio Ponti 1891-1979
    • Superleggera 1950
    • Distex Loung Chair 1953
  • Arne Jacobsen 1902-1971
    Swan Chair 1958
    Egg Armchair 1958
  • Carlo Mollino 1905-1973
    • Casa Orengo Glass and Oak Table 1949
    • Photos
  • George Nelson 1908–1986
    Marshmallow Sofa 1956
  • Eero Saarinen 1910-1961
    • Tulip Suite 1956
  • Russell Spanner 1916–1974
    • Lounge Armchair 1950
  • Marco Zanuso 1916-2001
    Lady Chair 1951
  •  Pier Giacomo Castiglioni 1913- 1968
  • Achille Castiglioni 1918-1902
  • Vico Magistretti 1920-2006

ART

CINEMA

  • Akira Kurosawa 1910-1998
  • Italian Masters of Cinema
    • Federico Fellini 1920-1993
    • Pier Paolo Pasolini 1922-1975
    • Michelangelo Antonioni 1912-2007
  • French Nouvelle Vague
    François Truffaut
    Jean-Luc Godard
  • Alfred Hitchcock 1826-1980
  • Saul Bass 1920-1996

 

  • The Sixsties and The Social Revolutions 1960s

  • The Social Revolutions
  • Gaetano Pesce
  • Robert Venturi
  • Bruno Munari 1907-1998
    • Sofa Abitacolo 1972
  • Verner Panton 1926–1998
    • Panton Chair 1963
  • Joe Cesare Colombo 1930-1971
    • Tube Chair 1970
  • Enzo Mari

ART

  • Happening
  • Video Art
  • Psychedelic Art
  • Conceptual Art
  • Performance Art
  • Op Art
  • Arte Povera
  • Minimal Art
    • Yves Klein
    • Frank Stella
    • Donald Judd
  • American New Cinema
  • Milton Glaser

CINEMA

  • David Lean
  • John Schlesinger
  • Dennis Hopper
  • Roman Polanski
  • Sergio Leone

 

  • Post Modern 1970s-Today

  • Michael Graves 1934-2015
  • Richard Meier
    • Douglas House 1973
    • Jubilee Church 2003
  • Mario Botta
    • Casa Rotonda 1982
  • Willy Rizzo 1928-2013
    • Opening Table
  • Richard Sapper 1932-2015
    • Tizio Lamp
  • Ettore Sottsass 1917-2007
    • Mandarin Chair 1986

CINEMA

  • New Hollywood and the VCR
    • Martin Scorsese
    • Francis Ford Coppola

 

  • High-Tech 1970s-Today

    • Richard Rogers
    • Renzo Piano
    • Norman Foster
    • César Pelli
    • Toyo Ito
    • Ming Pei
    • Dieter Rams
    • Harmut Esslinger, Frog Design 1969

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

  • Personal Computers
  • Microsoft 1975
  • Apple 1976

CINEMA

 

  • Minimalism 1970s-Today

    • Tadao Ando
      • Azuma House 1976
    • Kazujo Sejima
    • Luis Barragàn
    • Eduardo Souto de Mura
    • Alvaro Siza Vieira
    • Alberto Campo Baeza
    • Post-Minimal Art

CINEMA

  • Andrei Tarkovsky 1932–1986

 

  • Deconstructivism 1970s-Today

  • Jaques Derrida 1930-2004
  • Frank Ghery
    • Cardboard Furniture 1972
  • Peter Eisenman
    • House VI 1972
  • Daniel Libenskid
  • Rem Koolhaas
  • Bernard Tschumi
  • Steven Holl
    • Y House 1999
  • Ben Van Berkel

CINEMA

  • David Lynch
  • Leos Carax

 

  • Neo-Expressionism 1980s-Today

  • Jorn Utzon
  • Zaha Hadid
    • Moon System 2007
  • Jacques Herzog & Pierre de Meuron
  • Christian de Portzamparc
  • Shigeru Ban
  • Santiago Calatrava
  • Arata Isozaki
  • Fumihiko Maki
  • Massimiliano Fuksas
  • Rafael Moneo
  • Bjarke Ingels
  • Ma Yansong
  • Tom Wright
  • Antonio Citterio
  • Sam Maloof 1916–2009
  • Timothy Schreiber
  • Marc Newson
  • Dakota Jackson
  • Tokujin Yoshioka
  • Frans Schrofer

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

  • CAD Computer Aided Design
  • 3D Applications
  • Digital Design
  • Digital Art
  • Global Internet

CINEMA

  • Terry Gilliam
  • Roy Andresson
  • Darren Aronofsky
  • Wes Anderson

 

 

  • Radical-Kitsch 1980s-Today

    • Studiodada 1981
    • Alessandro Mendini
      • Proust Armchair
    • Ron Arad
      • Bookworm
    • Philippe Starck
      • Costes chair 1982
      • Louis Ghost Chair 2002
      • Gun Lamp 2005
    • Marteen Baas
      • Burnt Furniture
    • Christopher Guy Harrison
    • Karim Rashid
    • Marcel Wanders
    • Terence Main
      • Frond Chair
    • Patricia Urquiola
    • Ferruccio Laviani
    • Xavier Lust
    • Harow

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Graffiti Art
    • Jean-Michel Basquiat 1960-1988
  • Radical Art
    • Maurizio Cattelan
  • Street Art
    • Banksy
    • Shepard Fairey
    • Invader
  • Street Pop
    • Thierry Guetta AKA Mr. Brainwash
  • Pop Surrealism
    • Gary Baseman

CINEMA

  • Special Effects Films
    • Steven Spielberg
    • George Lucas
    • Robert Zemeckis
    • Tim Burton
    • Quentin Tarantino

CARTOONS & COMICS

  • Hayao Miyazaki
  • Jiro Tanicuchi
  • Donald Crumb
  • Charles Burns
  • Frank Miller
  • Milo Manara
  • Andrea Pazienza
  • Tanino Liberatore

 

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

  • Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism
  • Recycled Materials
  • Heating, Cooling and Ventilation
  • Solar Panels
  • Wind Turbines
  • Waste Management
  • PLM Product Life-Cycle Management
  • BIM Building Information Technology
  • Web 2.0
  • Mobile Revolution
  • Responsive Web Design
  • Cloud and Sharing

Design Today

  • Graphic Design
  • Cumunication Design
  • Web Design
  • Responsive Design
  • Interior Design
  • Exhibition Design
  • Scenography
  • Furniture Design
  • Lighting Design
  • Color Design
  • Photography
  • Fashion Design
  • Car Design
  • Yacht Design
  • Audio Design