Abstractism comes from the term “Abstract”, the opposite of concrete and tangible, and was coined in 1910 by the Russian painter Kandinsky Wassilj, founder of the Expressionist Movement in Monaco ‘Der Blaue Raiter’.
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Der_Blaue_Reiter
- visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world, an illusion of visible reality.
- Themes reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time.
- Abstract art, non-figurative art, non-objective art, and non-representational art are synonymous.
- Total abstraction bears no trace of any reference to anything recognizable.
Painting is free from external reality, the geometric shapes are absent and basic, strong colors that transmit sensations, stylization and symbols represent the reality.
The shapes, lines, colours, tones, and textures are used in various ways to produce sensations of volume, space, movement, and light on a flat surface. These elements are combined into expressive patterns in order to represent real or supernatural phenomena, to interpret a narrative theme, or to create wholly abstract visual relationships.
Info source: https://www.britannica.com/art/painting
- Kandinskij (1866-1944)Russian painter, founded “Der Blaue Raiter” (The Blue Rider), author of ‘Picture with Archer'(1909), ‘First abstract watercolor'(1910), ‘Accent in pink’(1926) and more others.
- Klee (1879-1940) Swiss painter known for his large body of work influenced by cubism, expressionism and surrealism.
- Mondrian (1872-1942) Dutch painter.
- Hans Arp (1887-1966) one of the founders of Dada in Zurich, sculptor Berger de nuage for Harvard University.
- Malevich (1878-1935) Russian painter founder of Suprematism.
- Robert Delaunay (1885-1941) French painter, author of the ‘Sun and the Moon’ (1912) ‘Sun n. 2’ (1912-1913) ‘The City’ (1910)