Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish artist, architect, and designer who had a professional influence on the development of the Modern movement. He created many of the best loved and most influential buildings, furniture and decorative schemes of the early 20th century.
Famous today as a designer of chairs, Charles Rennie Mackintosh was an architect who designed schools, offices, churches, tearooms and homes, an interior designer and decorator.
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Mackintosh joined the architectural practice of Honeyman and Keppie (1889) as a draftsman and won the competition to design and build a new School of Art for his mentor, Newbery, in 1896: this was his first major building commission and was a revolutionary design quite unlike anything erected in Europe to that date.
The building established Mackintosh from the outset as a radical architect determined to find a new design language appropriate for the coming 20th century. It has been said that modern architecture began when Mackintosh built the Glasgow School of Art.
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In the 1890s he was part of ‘The Four’, an informal grouping with the English sisters Margaret and Frances Macdonald and James Herbert McNair, that produced some of the most inventive decorative art and graphic design of the period.
In common with many of his contemporaries he believed that the architect was responsible not just for the fabric of a building, but for every detail of its interior design. He was one of the most sophisticated exponents of the theory of the room as a work of art, and created highly distinctive furniture of great formal sophistication. He was also a highly gifted painter, producing exquisite flower paintings, and late in life, a series of striking landscapes of the South of France.
Info Source: www.glasgowmackintosh.com
What are the main works of Mackintosh?
Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s work can be divided into three main areas:
- public buildings (Scotland Street school in Glasgow),
- private homes (The Hill House and the villas Windyhill),
- tea rooms (The Willow Tearooms).
The Glasgow tea rooms he designed in the early 1900s are perhaps his most unique contribution in which art, architecture and design came together in a complete environment.
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