The Bronze Age

The Bronze Age can be divided into four periods: Early (2300-1700 BC), Middle (1700-1350 BC), Recent (1350-1200 BC) and final (1200- 700 BC). With the discovery of metallurgy, the use of stone artefacts was largely replaced by bronze kits and tools.

Illustration of people during the Bronze Age.
Illustration of people during the Bronze Age

Image source: http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/child-miners-mother-goddesses-and-one-greatest-powers-bronze-age-006272


 

Bronze Age Periods

  • The Early Bronze Age represents the first phase of Bronze Age. Survival agriculture was the main activity practiced with the use of elementary techniques of the Neolithic. The metallurgical activity recorded a remarkable increase: the first closets of bronzes stood.
  • In the Middle Bronze are witnessing at the transition to stable settlements and numerically more consistent. We observe the introduction of the simple plough and a marked increase in livestock. In the processing is clear the achievement of a specialized techniques.
  • During the Late Bronze, the socials and cultural innovations it always more affirm. In the metallurgy are obvious far-reaching innovations. The choice of the territory becomes increasingly finalized at economic activities prevalent. The presence of a thousand people in the bigger centres let us suppose the existence of articulated community, based on an economic organization.   The Late Bronze prepares to the appear of historically known company, characteristics of next Iron Age.
Primitive furnace of the bronze age
Primitive furnace of the bronze age

Image source: http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/child-miners-mother-goddesses-and-one-greatest-powers-bronze-age-006272


How were Bronze Age communities organized?

Archaeologists try to answer analysing the various elements that can be deduced from the analysis of the villages plants, with the data that come from the burials and organization of cemeteries, as the presence or absence of larger homes than others. What results attesting to the existence of communities linked by kinship within which sometimes appear the presence of ‘aristocrats’ groups.

The Iron-Age village at Chysauster, in Cornwall, illustrates a typical pre-Roman farmstead.:
The Iron-Age village at Chysauster, in Cornwall

Info source: http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/eta-del-bronzo_%28Enciclopedia-dei-ragazzi%29/

Image source: https://it.pinterest.com/tamrosa/bronze-age-and-iron-age/

What was the key event of the Bronze Age?

The key prerequisite to the bronze age was the development of smelting (the process of extracting metal from ore). Once a sufficient volume of metal has been smelted, it can be hammered or cast (melted and poured into a mould) into a desired shape. Smelting technology first emerged in Southwest Asia.

The first metal to be smelted was copper. Being a rather soft metal, copper was not a dramatic improvement over stone for the crafting of tools and weapons. It was eventually discovered, however, that by blending copper with tin, one obtains a much harder metal: bronze. (Occasionally, other elements were used instead of tin.)

Primitive furnace of the bronze age

Info source: http://www.essential-humanities.net/history-overview/stone-bronze-iron-ages/

Image source: http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/child-miners-mother-goddesses-and-one-greatest-powers-bronze-age-006272

What is the Seima-Turbino Phenomenon?

Seima-Turbino phenomenon refers to a pattern of burial sites dating around 1500 BC found across northern Eurasia, from Finland to Mongolia, which has suggested a common point of cultural origin, advanced metal working technology, and unexplained rapid migration.

It is conjectured that changes in climate in this region around 2000 BC and the ensuing ecological, economic and political changes triggered a rapid and massive migration westward into northeast Europe, eastward into China and southward into Vietnam and Thailand across a frontier of some 4,000 miles.

However, further excavations and research in Ban Chiang and Ban Non Wat, Thailand argue the idea that Seima-Turbino brought metal workings into southeast Asia is based on inaccurate and unreliable radiocarbon dating, and remains a hotly debated theory among archaeologists.

Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seima-Turbino_phenomenon

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