The Gobelins Manufactory (1667)

Manufacture des Gobelins is a tapestry factory located in Paris, France, near the Les Gobelins métro station in the 13th arrondissement.

The Gobelin Manufactury, Paris

image source: http://www.mobiliernational.culture.gouv.fr/media/p_autre_49_425_big.jpg

About its history

The History of Gobelins Modern-day gobelins emerged along with a textile factory in Paris, named after a family of French dyers. The enterprise began in the mid-15th century, when Jean Gobelin and Philibert Gobelin set up a dye works on the outskirts of Paris. The family business flourished, and in the early 17th century King Henry IV of France turned the works into a tapestry factory under Flemish weavers.


Portrait of Louis XVI, Tapestry produced by Gobelin Manufactory, 1745–93

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The luxurious products of the Gobelins factory became so famous that the establishment was taken over in 1662 by King Louis XIV‘s finance minister Jean Baptiste Colbert to form part of the Royal Manufactory of Furniture. Colbert placed the French painter Charles Le Brun in charge, and he commissioned designs by the best artists of the day, setting high standards of execution and encouraging the training of new artisans.
The result was an outpouring of magnificent hangings, upholstery, and furniture in a richly ornate, baroque style.

Manufacture des Gobelins – Plan

image source: http://www.mobiliernational.culture.gouv.fr/media/p_autre_22_63_big.jpg

The Gobelins factory closed from 1694 to 1699, owing to the Crown’s financial difficulties. It reopened solely to make tapestries and has continued, with a brief interruption during the French Revolution, ever since. With the years, styles changed to rococo, neoclassical, and modern. In 1825 the factory absorbed the Savonnerie rug works, founded in 1627. It is now officially called the Manufacture Nationale de Gobelins.

info source: http://www.tahionic.com/gobelin/definitions.html

The Battle of Zama, Gobelin tapestry after Jules Romain, manufactured for Louis XIV in 1688-1690. Louvre Museum.

image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobelins_Manufactory#/media/File:La_Bataille_de_Zama_Jules_Romain_1688_1690.jpg

Gobelins Manufactory today

Today, the Gobelins site consists of four buildings dating to the 17th century, plus the new building on the avenue des Gobelins. They include the workshops that served as foundries for the bronze sculpture in the grounds of Versailles Palace, as well as the looms upon which tapestries are still woven using original 17th century techniques – mostly for use in French government institutions.

info source: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/history-of-art/gobelins-tapestry.htm

info source: https://howlingpixel.com/wiki/Gobelins_Manufactory

An “haute lisse” loom
A “basse lisse” loom, used for smaller pieces

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image source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Loom_basse_lisse_DSC08828.jpg/800px-Loom_basse_lisse_DSC08828.jpg

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