The Sixsties and The Social Revolutions (1960s)

The Sixties were years of social revolutions, characterized by a spirit of rebellion which plundered the past for inspiration. It was the period of Pop Art, Op Art, Minimalism.

Interior design 1960s
Interior design 1960s

Image source: http://mchschat.com/30236/60s-interior-design/60s-interior-design-1960s-decorating-style-style


 

Interior design 

 

  • plastic and PVC
  • disposable, throwaway
  • multi-purpose furniture
  • low-level
  • revivalist
  • fun, witty

Info source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/homes/design/period_1960s.shtml


1960s interior design
1960s interior design

Image source: http://theglamoroushousewife.com/2013/10/1960s-interior-design/

60s MID CENTURY MODERN INTERIOR DESIGN DECORATING EAMES KNOLL WORMLEY BALDWIN
60s MID CENTURY MODERN INTERIOR DESIGN DECORATING EAMES KNOLL WORMLEY BALDWIN

Image source: https://it.pinterest.com/MicolContini/60s-interiors/

 

Op Art

Op art, short for optical art, is a style of visual art that uses optical illusions. Op art works are abstract, with many better known pieces created in black and white. Typically, they give the viewer the impression of movement, hidden images, flashing and vibrating patterns, or of swelling or warping.   Artists create op art in two primary ways. The first is to create effects through pattern and line. Often these paintings are black-and-white, or otherwise grisaille. Here, black and white wavy lines are close to one another on the canvas surface, creating a volatile figure-ground relationship. Getulio Alviani used aluminum surfaces, which he treated to create light patterns that change as the watcher moves (vibrating texture surfaces). Another reaction that occurs is that the lines create after-images of certain colors due to how the retina receives and processes light.

Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Op_art

Getulio Alviani (born in 1939)  is an Italian painter based in Milan. He is considered to be an important International Optical – kinetic artist.

His first series was “The Wires“, inspired by aerial electric wires. Fascinated by some polished alumnium surfaces found in a factory in which he was working: after further polishing and abrasion, he created his landmark “Superfici a testura vibratile” (vibrating texture surfaces).

Getulio Alviani, Aluminium panels. Photo by Paolo Monti, 1963 (Fondo Paolo Monti, BEIC)
Getulio Alviani, Aluminium panels. Photo by Paolo Monti, 1963 (Fondo Paolo Monti, BEIC)

 

Info and image source: https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Getulio%20Alviani&item_type=topic

 

American Pop Art

Jasper Johns (born in 1930) is an American painter, sculptor and printmaker associated with Abstract expressionism, Neo-Dada, and Pop art. He would depict many flags and maps, and this created a more distinct style with the work that was being done during this period in American art history. He was also one of the leading forces to the pop form known as minimalism.

Three Flags, 1958, Whitney Museum of American Art
Three Flags, 1958, Whitney Museum of American Art

Image source: http://www.artsz.org/jasper-johns-pop-artist/

 

Marilyn Diptych, 1962, Tate Modern, London
Marilyn Diptych, 1962, Tate Modern, London

Andy Warhol (1928-1987) the American painter, printmaker, illustrator, sculptor and film-maker, was one of the most famous yet controversial modern artists of the later 20th century, he became the acknowledged leader of the Pop Art movement. He played a key role in getting popular graphics and other commercial imagery (of items like soup cans, Coca Cola bottles) accepted as fine art. Warhol used modern creative methods like silkscreen printing
, to produce iconic portraits of celebrities like Elvis Presley and Marilyn Monroe.

Image source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02b36hy/p02b36fp

Famous works of art by Andy Warhol include: Campbells Soup Can (1962, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York); Triple Elvis (1962, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts); Liz No 2 (1962, private collection); Marilyn Diptych (1962, Tate Modern, London); Green Disaster Ten Times (1963, Museum of Modern Art Frankfurt); Four Mona Lisas(1963, Museum of Modern Art, New York).

Soup Can (1962, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York)
Soup Can (1962, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York)

Image source: http://collections.lacma.org/node/207423

Info source: http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-artists/andy-warhol.htm#pop

 

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