The Stone Age

The Age when men and women, principally hunters and farmers, crafted weapons and tools for surviving using simple stones, not knowing how to work with metallic minerals. This period is divided into the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic.

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Prehistoric cave painting

Image source: http://www.maximb.com/pinturas-rupestres-pre-historicos-pode-ser-o-esforco-conjunto-de-muitas-geracoes/


Periods of the Stone Age

  • Paleolithic or Old Stone Age: from the first production of stone artefacts, about 2.5 million years ago, to the end of the last Ice Age, about 9,600 BCE. This is the longest Stone Age period.
  • Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age: begins at the end of Ice Age, about 9,600 BC and period ends when agriculture starts. This is the time of the late hunter-gatherers.
  • Neolithic or New Stone Age: begins with the introduction of farming, dating variously from  9,000 BC in the Near East, 7,000 BC in Southeast Europe, 6,000 BC in East Asia, and even later in other regions. This is the time when cereal cultivation and animal domestication was introduced.
Prehistoric men while hunt a deers

Info source: http://www.ancient.eu/Stone_Age/


Image source: http://jcdonceld.blogspot.it/2013/05/la-evolucion-de-la-industria-litica-en.html

 

When and what the first stone weapons were invented?

Archaeological findings suggest that the first weapons used by man date back to about 70,000 years ago: it was assagais, harpoons and cusps.

The axe seems to have been the first and thus the oldest weapon manufactured by man. It was followed by the mace, the spear, and bow.

Stone Age Axe

Image source:http://www.top10listland.com/top-10-stone-age-inventions/

 

What about the transition between Paleolithic and Neolithic? 

At the end of the Ice Age the hunters pushed northward, chasing animals that migrated to the cold weather; however other clans, adapted to the new features of the environment, changing their way of life. Because of that, around 10,000 years ago, in the area that today is Kurdistan, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, came the Neolithic revolution: the man, to hunter and gatherer, became a producer of food, thanks to agriculture and breeding.

However in Europe, in the same period, the disappearance of large size animals  determined the increase of fishing and gathering.

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Neolithic man life

Info source: http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/eta-della-pietra_%28Enciclopedia-dei-ragazzi%29/

Image source: https://www.emaze.com/@AWLTCZLC/The-Neolithic-Revolution

Which were the greatest inventions during the Stone Age?
  • Stone or Wooden Club
  • Cave Painting / Art
  • Pigment For Body Decoration
  • Sewing
  • Flute / Music
  • Bow & Arrow
  • Long Hunting Spear
  • Stone Axe
  • Shelter
  • The Controlled Use of Fire

Info source: http://www.top10listland.com/top-10-stone-age-inventions/

 

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