Venetian Gothic Style (14th-15th Century)

A style which combined the European Medieval Gothic Style with Byzantine, Moorish and Arabic  influences. This style was founded in Venice and spreaded throughout Italy during the 14th and 15th centuries.

Gran Canal, Venice, Italy
Gran Canal, Venice, Italy

image source: http://lookuparchitecture.com/venetian.html

 

When the venetian gothic style was developed?

Venetian Gothic is an architectural style combining use of the Gothic lancet arch with Byzantine and Moorish architecture influences.


The style originated in 14th century Venice with the confluence of Byzantine styles from Constantinople, Arab influences from Moorish Spain and early Gothic forms from mainland Italy.

Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venetian_Gothic_architecture

Characteristics:

The indicative element of gothic architecture is the sign of pointed arches.

-Venetian Gothic architecture is unique to Venice because it is designed to acquire lightness and grace of the building, whereas other cities in Europe favor heavy buildings.

Architects never added any more weight then what was necessary to support a building, because they believed every inch of the city was valuable, because of the canals running through the city.

-Tracery in Venetian Gothic supported the weight of the entire building. Therefore, the relative weight sustained by the traceries alludes to the relative weightlessness of the buildings as a whole. This (and the associated reduced use of weight-bearing walls) gives the Venetian Gothic architectural style lightness and grace in structure (mentioned just above).

-Colors were also an important aspect to Venetian architecture. They mostly included rich colors as in dark reds, muted yellows, and bright blues. During the Renaissance however, the colors were gradually softened to a more natural colors.

Info source: http://imaginingvenice.com/venetian-architecture/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venetian_Gothic_architecture

Residence in Venice, Italy
Residence in Venice, Italy

image source: http://lookuparchitecture.com/venetian.html

 

WHERE CAN WE find THIS STYLE today?

The most iconic Venetian Gothic structure is the Doges’ Palace, a luxuriously decorated building that includes traits of Gothic, Moorish, and Renaissance architectural styles. In the 14th Century, following two fires that destroyed the previous structure, the palace was rebuilt in its present, recognizably Gothic form.

Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doge%27s_Palace

Doges' Palace, Venice, Italy
Doges’ Palace, Venice, Italy

image source: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Doges-Palace

Yet another important example of Venetian Gothic ecclesiastical architecture is Santa Maria dei Frari, a Franciscan church, originally built in the mid-13th century but rebuilt in Gothic style in the 15th century.

East front with the bell tower, Santa Maria die Frari, Venice, Italy
East front with the bell tower, Santa Maria die Frari, Venice, Italy

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Maria_Gloriosa_dei_Frari#/media/File:Basilica_di_Santa_Maria_dei_Frari_-_Venezia.jpg

Another example is the Ca ‘D’Oro that was built in 1428. The principal façade of Ca’ d’Oro facing onto the Grand Canal is built in the Bon’s Venetian floral Gothic style, that included inflected arches and was purely decorative rather than structural.

Ca' d'Oro façade overlooking the Grand Canal, Venice, Italy
Ca’ d’Oro façade overlooking the Grand Canal, Venice, Italy

image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ca%27_d%27Oro#/media/File:Ca%27_d%27Oro_facciata.jpg

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