Charles X style

The French Restoration style was predominantly Neoclassic, also showing the beginnings of Romanticism in art.

Gerard Francois, The Coronation of Charles X. 1827
Gerard Francois, The Coronation of Charles X. 1827

Image source: https://www.wga.hu/html_m/g/gerard/6coronat.html

Charles X Style

During his reign, artistic style was adapted to the tastes of the new Bourgeois society. The novels of Balzac are useful to describe the comfortable apartments of the time. Charles X style spreaded from 1818 to 1834, during the Bourbon Restoration. This style could not replace completely the furnishing style from the French Empire but needs to be distinguished from the formalism of Napoleonic era.


The Count of Artois: Charles X of France, portrait.
The Count of Artois: Charles X of France, portrait.

Image source: https://shannonselin.com/

Features of Charles X Style

This style was different from the formalism characteristic of the Napoleonic era, during which rigour and simplicity was fused with Greco-Roman art. Indeed, artistic fields flourished in a whole new way. In terms of furniture, this renewal was distinguished by softer lines. Even though the minimal aspect from the French Empire was still evident, forms became curvier with volutes and arabesques. Another distinction is the taste for smaller dimensions.

French Restoration style six light candelabra.
French Restoration style six light candelabra.

Image source: https://www.worthpoint.com/

Gondola Chairs

Example of Gondola chair.
Example of Gondola chair.

Chair design reflected the ongoing change that wanted to make rooms more intimate and personal with conversational seating places. The predominant shape in chairs was the Gondola. The gondole design was comfortable and the smaller sizes made it easy to move. During the reign of Charles X the employement of blond woods, became popular. Dark wood marquetry with palmette motifs was used for decorative effect.

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Woods

A typical chair made out of light wood.
A typical chair made out of light wood.

One of the most emblematic features of this style is the creation of “bois clairs”. At the beginning of the 19th century dark woods were difficult to find. The furniture was adorned with precious inlays made out of dark woods used to recall foliage, to create a contrast with the veneering. Even though these decorations may look like bronze patterns from the Empire era, they were lighter and did not represent military life.

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Restoration interiors

One of the best examples of Restoration style interiors is the Charles X museum inside the Louvre, projected for the annual Salon of artists. The  ceilings with compartments include paintings and rich ornamentations, featuring cornucopias, columns, and pilasters. The Restoration period saw the rise of neo-Gothic style, that gained relevance in interior design during the 1820s.  It displayed elements seen in gothic cathedrals, such as arches and rose windows that will be very popular in French salons and galleries.

The château of Longecourt.
The château of Longecourt.

Image source: https://www.burgundy-tourism.com/


Info source: https://styylish.com/restoration-furniture-style-and-design/

http://www.furniturestyles.net/european/french/restoration.html

https://www.marcmaison.com/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Restoration_style

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