Decò Style (1925-1945)

Art Deco was named after the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes made in Paris in 1925 that will influence arts all over the world.

Postcard of the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts in Paris (1925)
Postcard of the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts in Paris (1925).

Image source: https://www.wikiwand.com/fr/Exposition_internationale_des_Arts_d%C3%A9coratifs_et_industriels_modernes

About Art Decò

The Art Deco style was born in Paris in the 1920s and evolved into a major style in Europe and in the United States during the 1930s. It is featured with sleek geometries or stylized forms and by the important employement of man-made materials. This style is in contrast to the avant-garde art of the period. Art Deco design tells about how modernism turned into fashion with forms such as florals, animals, and sunrays. The intention was to create a distinctive kind of anti-traditional elegance that stood for wealth and sophistication.


One Bunker Hill Art Deco Lobby Interior Design
One Bunker Hill Art Deco Lobby Interior Design.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/521995413049736924/

Key Concepts

This style attempted to create functional objects with an artistic touch. The art object was meant to have also a practical purpose. Art Deco’s search for beauty in all aspects of life was a reflection of the relative innovation in the employement of machine-age technology rather than traditional crafting methods to finish many objects.

Art Decò Design Style.
Art Decò Design Style.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/463307880413599056/

The Art Deco aims to create aesthetically interesting, machine-made goods that were available to everyone. Streamline Moderne is the American way of naming Art Deco style, in a version that was a stripped-down and sleeker than the more elaborate European Art Deco style. The American style was developed to have a much bigger use in the U.S. than in Europe.

Corner Cabinet, ca. 1923 Brooklyn Museum.
Corner Cabinet, ca. 1923 Brooklyn Museum.

Image source: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Emile-Jacques_Ruhlmann_(French,_1879-1933)._Corner_Cabinet,_ca._1923..jpg

The Chrysler Building

The Chrysler Building is an important example of Art Decò architecture. It is built upon a steel frame in-filled with masonry, with spaces of decorative metal cladding. The 31st-floor displays gargoyles and replicas of the 1929 Chrysler radiator cups. Steel played a key role in Van Alen’s design. In 1929, the American Society for Testing Materials put together an inspection committee to study performances of the materials used in this construction, the panels were minimally deteriorated in 30 years.

Chrysler Building, New York.
Chrysler Building, New York.

Info source: https://study.com/academy/lesson/art-deco-architecture-characteristics-history-definition.html

https://www.britannica.com/art/Art-Deco

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