Shaker Style ( 1800 )

Shaker style originated in the 18th century. Named after the Shakers, a Christian community of settlers, which originated in Liverpool and emigrated in America during the 18th Century.

A group of Shakers, published in 1875

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Lee#/media/File:A_group_of_Shakers.jpg

round stone barn
Round Stone Barn, Hancock Shaker Village, Massachusetts

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/ce3a4ab2-573e-41e7-bb3c-20cce3871694 by hlkljgk


Dining Table, United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York (American, active ca. 1750–present), Maple, ash, American, Shaker
Dining Table 1800–1825 United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/3180?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Shaker+Furniture&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=8

Who were the Shakers?

The community known as the Shakers was founded in Liverpool in the 1700s by Ann Lee, a woman who went on a mission to discover a religion more spiritual than that of the Church of England. They sailed to America in 1774 to avoid religious persecution for being non-conformists. The Shakers designed large buildings for groups of people. Minimalism was the main feature of their architecture that would greatly influence the Shaker style.

Ann Lee, was born on February 29, 1736 in Manchester, England-religious leader

Image source: https://prabook.com/web/ann.lee/3739906#

Life of the Diligent Shaker.jpg
Life of the Diligent Shaker, Shaker Historical Society

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakers#/media/File:Life_of_the_Diligent_Shaker.jpg

Shaker Style Architecture

The Shakers were famous for their architecture and handcrafts. Shakers served God and, in so doing they did everything with care creating a distinctive style of architecture. It gave importance to simplicity, utility, and fine craftsmanship. They  focused on simple lines and durable materials. Wood molding was used to shape windows and doors, but it did not change the concern with the overall feel of simplicity. The Shakers typically used warm colors.

Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village
Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village.

Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org

Isaac Newton Hagan House
Isaac Newton Hagan House

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/f117fcde-54c3-45d9-97eb-90057d51d439 by Teemu008

Shaker Furniture

Shaker furniture and handcrafts dealt with the concepts of order, utility, and durability. The discarding of any unnecessary ornament came out with distinctive simple furniture, colored in red or ochre.

Wash Stand, United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York (American, active ca. 1750–present), Pine, American, Shaker
Wash Stand 1810–30 United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/9734?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Shaker+Furniture&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=9

Furniture was made of cherry or maple that was sometimes stained. Collections of Shaker furniture are maintained today in the United States and the United Kingdom. The key elements of Shaker design inspired many designers of modern furniture.

Farm Table of Reclaimed Wood with Shaker style legs
Farm Table of Reclaimed Wood with Shaker style legs

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/c2b4a995-740b-4608-9f74-b7265dd7a7db by DesignFolly.com

Candle Stand, United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York (American, active ca. 1750–present), Cherry, American, Shaker
Candle Stand 1800–1840 United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/1175?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Shaker+Furniture&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=3

Bench, United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York (American, active ca. 1750–present), Pine, American, Shaker
Bench 1825–50 United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/458?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Shaker+Furniture&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=2

Shaker Style: Important Artists

Tabitha Babbit (1784-1858): Not much is known about Tabitha Babbitt today. She lived  in the Harvard Shaker community in Massachusetts. She became an American Shaker toolmaker and, probably, projected the circular saw.

Tabitha Babbitt and the circular saw

Image source: https://buscafriends.com/it/interests/post/12911 Author: Emanuele Gaber

Isaac Newton Youngs (1793 – 1865): he was a Shaker. He designed furniture, transcribed hymnals by hand, improved his village’s waterworks, worked on the Church Family dwelling, turned more than a thousand clothespins on a lathe, and laid a new floor in the dairy.

V0004273 Sir Isaac Newton. Mezzotint by J. MacArdell after E. Se
Sir Isaac Newton. Mezzotint by J. MacArdell after E. Se

Image sourse: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/3af15ded-1dad-4f18-9305-20d0aca8ba7d by The Public Domain Review

Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton

Image sourse:https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/7620839b-00da-4b26-bfc2-9641d4c856ce by jdlasica


Info sources:

https://www.britannica.com/technology/Shaker-furniture https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shaker-architecture

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