One of the most important decades in 20th century art, saw the spread of Pop Art. These were years of social revolutions, changes, featured with a spirit of rebellion.
Social Changes Influenced Art
It can be said for each decade of our past years ad it is in some way more important in the Sixties: America was changing. New ideas were spreading. Rebellious thoughts and anti-system thoughts were climbing to the mainstream. Culture was rich and varied and many problems in sexism and racism were emerging to be discussed and addressed.
The emblematic design features of the 1960s are:
- plastic and PVC;
- multi-purpose furnishings;
Op Art is a movement born in the 1960s. It is a distinct style of art that wants to createa sense of illusion of movement in the viewer. Through the employement of precision and mathematics, contrasts, and abstract forms, these new pieces of art have a three-dimensional perspective that is not used in other styles of art. After the major 1965 exhibition of Op Art named “The Responsive Eye”, the fan became engaged with the movement. As a result Op Art was everywhere.
Getulio Alviani is considered to be one of the most important of the International Optical-Kinetic artists movement. He gave proof of his talent for design and geometric drawing since his childhood. His best known work is “The Wires“, is inspired to aerial electric wires, often employed in his art as a recurring theme.
American Pop Art
American pop art started after a few years after its British counterpart. One of the biggest differences between British pop art and American pop art was that British one was interested more in light-hearted tones and often tended to include humor. American pop art, on the contrary, was the result of the incessant marketing that Americans weresubjected to. It tended to be more serious and dramatic.
Jasper Johns, after moving to New York City to look for a career as an artist, he became famous in the 1950s for his paintings of flags, targets and other ordinary goods. In 1954, Johns had a dream in which he was working at an American flag. This inspired him to create “Flag”, a painting in encaustic, a technique that employed pigments fused with melted wax.
Andy Warhol was the American artist, controversial in many ways in the later 20th century. Interested in celebrity and consumer culture Andy Warhol painted some of the most iconic works of the 20th century. Famous works by Andy Warhol include: Campbells Soup Can ,Triple Elvis and Marilyn Diptych.