Thonet style

Thonet Style simply refers to the First Industrial Designer of History: Michael Thonet. Pioneer in the industrialization and mass production of furniture.

Michael Thonet.jpg
Michael Thonet in his 60s

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Thonet#/media/File:Michael_Thonet.jpg

 

Who was Michael Thonet?

Michael Thonet (Boppard, 1796 – Vienna, 1871) is considered the forerunner of furniture design and inventor of the technique of wood bending. In 1819, he opened his carpentry shop and laid the foundations for industrial production. In 1849, he settled in Vienna where he founded the company “Gebrüder Thonet” involving his five sons. Thonet’s company quickly reached international success and a rapid expansion, producing more than 865.000 curved wooden chairs a year. When Michael Thonet died, his sons took over the management of the company.

Thonet bentwood chairs.

image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/6d4ffb6b-3260-4a41-8523-737a34ac4f40 by Mark B. Schlemmer

 

Mass Produced Furniture

Until the Industrial Revolution, furniture was created from raw materials. The most innovative features of bentwood chairs in Thonet’s eyes were their expendability due to the mass production. The manufacturing process that he invented was copied by others and Bentwood chairs appeared all over the planet, burgeoning economies of Europe and the United States with a new market.

File:Michael Thonet 14.jpg
Thonet  Chair,”Chair no. 14″ (“Konsumstuhl Nr. 14”) from 1859

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/93f9543d-9d1a-4b64-92a7-56fee9f754e6 by Holger.Ellgaard

 

22769 - Food Fair - Classic Bistro Chair
Bentwood chairs,Classic Bistro Chair

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/1a499afa-054e-4773-948c-4f71d3d12955 by Tigist Sapphire

His No. 14 Chair was the first to be mass-produced industrially. It was also understood how important was to create chairs in separate parts, to be assembled later, making the transport easier. The retailer would build up the chairs upon arrival at the shop. This was the first example of ‘assembly’ furniture. 

Chairs, chairs and more chairs...... #bentwood #rattan #shabbychic #recycledrelix

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/cb00369a-b7ea-41da-858c-9c751fc3b978 by Wicker Paradise

 

Thonet Style Features

The Thonet chair resulted from the use of light, strong types of woods were used, very graceful shapes were designed thanks to the use of hot steam. He could create several designs that were unique, comfortable and longlasting. Parts for dozens of chairs could be stored into one box for shipping, which cut costs.

Boppard Chair (1836-40), Michael Thonet

Image source: https://www.boisbuchet.org/collection/boppard-chair/

Image source: https://museum-boppard.de/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Katalog-Seite-05.jpg

Thonet Brothers auction catalog dated 1885

Image source: https://museum-boppard.de/explore/thonet-varietyofproducts/#Katalog-Seite-01


Info sources:

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Thonet

https://decofilia.com/blog/michael-thonet/