Post-modernism is a reaction to Modernism, that is skeptical of universal truths and undisputable reality.
Image source:https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/37f3643c-4072-4676-8628-825a155f0fdb corno.fulgur75
Origins of Post-Modernism
First seen around 1970, the Post-modernism movement was a reaction to Modernism. While the latter focused on idealism and reason, the former was skeptical about reason. Moreover, it fought against the notion that there are universal certainties. Thus, Post-modern art showcased that individual experience and interpretation of our experience was more important than abstract concepts.
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Koons#/media/File:Three_Ball_Total_Equilibrium_Tank_by_Jeff_Koons,_Tate_Liverpool.jpg
The origins trace back to Robert Venturi’s book “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture,” which inspired the revival of traditional features and methods. Post-modernist artists gained inspiration from past architecture and classical designs. Additionally, they created new ways to send a message to the modernist people.
Robert Charles Venturi, Jr. put together his ideas in his work “Complexity and Contradiction.” His philosophy is present in his earliest concepts, including his first major work, the Guild House. In addition, he created this piece with artistic tension, fusing high-art aesthetics with motifs taken from popular culture. One of his main works, the Franklin Court is located near to the site of Benjamin Franklin’s residence. Moreover, because no historical certainties of the look of the exterior remain, the space remaining is marked by a massive “Ghost Structure” designed by Robert Venturi.
The two “ghost structures” made of square tubular steel, are outlines of the old demolished structures into the courtyard. The design is the result of inadequate historical guidelines to restore the structures the correct way.
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Court
Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/989331fd-5dc7-4382-b4ef-92b2125fd41f
American architect Charles Moore’s most known work is the Piazza d’Italia in New Orleans. Both a memorial and a public place, the structure, is a manifestation of Moore’s ideas of an inclusive architecture. However, Moore’s art immediately attracted fans and detractors, as many thought that his architectural populism was kitsch.
Post-modern furniture, as architecture, is a reaction to modernism. No piece of furniture embodies all the features of this new style, but as a whole, the furniture puts together several components. Additionally, much of it inspired by classical forms, are figurative rather than abstract. Moreover, these pieces are usually wood, painted or left natural.
Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Knoll_Mandarin_Chair_Ettorre_Sottsass_-_Austin_Calhoon_Photograph.jpg