Pre-Modern

Pre-Modern Style included different sensibilities, movements, and artists such as  Thonet, The Shakers, Arts and Crafts, the Chicago and Glasgow Schools.

example of Arts and Crafts- Sonargaon Folk Arts & Crafts Museum

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/ab7702cf-5378-4b71-a8f5-901dc1ce93d7 by ||-SAM Nasim-||

 

Thonet Style

Michael Thonet was born in 1796. He was a cabinet maker. He had projected a new process of making furnishings out of a combination of bent and glued wooden parts. The Boppard Layerwood Chair was his first true success, although he failed in getting a patent for the technology he used to design it.

Boppard Chair (1836-40), Michael Thonet

Image source: https://www.boisbuchet.org/collection/boppard-chair/

 

Thonet  Chair,”Chair no. 14″ (“Konsumstuhl Nr. 14”) from 1859

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/93f9543d-9d1a-4b64-92a7-56fee9f754e6 by Holger.Ellgaard

 

Shaker Style

It has no ornaments in the design of the woodworks. The most relevant values of Shaker furniture are good craftsmanship, functionality, and simplicity. It was believed that all things were meant to be created in the name of religion. The concern for spirituality looked for perfection in craftsmanship without taking shortcuts.

Dining Table 1800–1825 United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/3180?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Shaker+Furniture&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=8

Farm Table of Reclaimed Wood with Shaker style legs

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/c2b4a995-740b-4608-9f74-b7265dd7a7db by DesignFolly.com

Wash Stand 1810–30 United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (“Shakers”), Mount Lebanon, New York

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/9734?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Shaker+Furniture&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=9

 

Arts and Crafts

The Arts and Crafts movement was made created by a group of English designers and writers that wanted a return to well-made by hands, goods poor-quality products. This will create something unique, had as a result, stylized flowers, allegoric figures from the Bible, and literature, for example.

 

Trellis (1862-1864)- William Morris

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/ab4e11ef-e26c-4002-9320-df94733c4f5c by NinaZed

Arts and crafts interior design.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/d0ace494-b3fb-48ab-895c-b8ad34f93404 by rogue-designs

Arts and Crafts Furniture. 25th Ickworth Wood & Craft Fair 2014

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/85021393-a558-47df-8cd3-015e9ce7a306 by Dave Catchpole

 

Glasgow School

The Glasgow School was born as a circle of influential artists and designers that began to work together in Glasgow. Famous groups included “The Four”: Margaret MacDonald, the architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh, MacDonald’s sister Frances and Herbert McNair. They were important in the creation of the distinctive Glasgow Style.

Glasgow school style building.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/f961b8a1-ba74-4b3c-873f-daaaf4688c48 by stevecadman

‘Glasgow School of Art’

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/c1eb87f0-0fd3-4ff9-bc24-fa201179cac3 by dalbera

 

Chicago school

Much of its early work is also known as the Commercial style. In the history of art, the first Chicago School was a movement of architects active in Chicago at the beginning of the 20th century. They started promoting new technologies of steel-frame construction in commercial structures, along with the concern for the use of space. A Second Chicago School started designing with new building technologies structural systems.

Montauk building in Chicago.

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montauk_Building


Info sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Thonet

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaker_furniture

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arts_and_Crafts_movement

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glasgow_School_of_Art

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_school_(architecture)

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