Eugène Gaillard (1862-1933)

French industrial designer Eugène Gaillard abandoned a career in law to dedicate all its efforts to interior design and decoration. Thanks to his passion he became a leading figure in Art Nouveau style.

Eugène Gaillard
Eugène Gaillard

Image source: http://www.aegis-education.com

About his life

Eugene Gaillard showed an interest in sculpture, and later distinguished himself as a craftsman and furniture designer. Eugene Gaillard became one of the leading Art Nouveau artists of his time, thanks to his connections with Siegfried Bing, who sold Eugene Gaillard’s interior designs, furniture and textiles at his “Maison de l’Art Nouveau” gallery.


Motif, Gaillard

Image source: http://lartnouveau.com

In 1900, Bing presented Gaillard, among other leading designers, in his Art Nouveau Pavilion at the Paris Universal Exhibition. All objects, furniture and textiles displayed in this exhibition were designed by three artists: Edward Colonna, Georges de Fer and Eugene Gaillard. Until 1914, Eugene Gaillard continued to design Art Nouveau furniture.

Dining room of the “Art Nouveau Bing”, with wall decorations by José María Sert (1900)

Image source: https://muebledeviena.com

About his work

The Side Chair was introduced at the 1900 World’s Fair in Paris. It was designed as part of a dining room at the “L’Art Nouveau Bing” Pavilion. The exhibition gave Gaillard his first opportunity to showcase his work to the masses, and literally overnight he was recognized as the foremost follower of the modern movement. A chair with flowing lines and an embossed whip pattern on the back in amber leather embodies Art Nouveau style. The chair is made of walnut, the seat and back are upholstered in embossed leather, partly stained, fixed with brass nails.
The four legs are cut in shallow S-bends and have a cross-sectional shape.

Side Chair(1900). Walnut, leather, brass nails

Image source: http://lartnouveau.com

About his stile

His pieces were particularly elegant and truly exquisite. While its shapes and motifs were definitely inspired by floral motifs, they did not reflect an imitation of nature. Eugene Gaillard explained his approach to furniture design in his 1906 essay À Propos du Mobilier. Gaillard’s textile designs are typical of most French designs of the period. The emphasis is on specular repeats and muted tonal aspects of color schemes. Visually, they are very different from the British textile design characteristic of this period. He viewed his fabrics as part of the environment usually created by Siegfried Bing.

Display cupboard, Eugéne Gaillard, International exhibition held in Paris, 1900

Image source: http://www.artnet.com

Info sources:

https://www.metmuseum.org

https://belovedlinens.net

http://www.eugene-gaillard.com/

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