Louis XV Style / Louis Quinze (1730-1760)

The Louis XV style was born from the lights of the Régence style focusing more on the movement of freedom in shapes.

Oval room, Hôtel de Soubise. Germain Boffrand, architect. Paintings by Charles-Joseph Natoire. 1735-1740.
Oval room, Hôtel de Soubise. Germain Boffrand, architect. Paintings by Charles-Joseph Natoire. 1735-1740.

Image source: http://www.marcmaison.com/architectural-antiques-resources/louis_xv_style

Where it all Began

Imagination is the starting point of this decorative style, in which rocks and shells, with flowers and foliage, provide the dominant motif. Taking the distance from classic styles, this period created an ornamental style that was completely new and original, the Rococò style. It is the greatest of all times for French furnishings, this was a period of unique creativity, and was influenced by the royal mistresses: Madame de Pompadour, Madame du Barry, and a few others. Grand suites changed in smaller more intimate spaces. Furniture became practical and was easy to move without losing any of its elegance.


An exaple of furniture of this style.
An exaple of furniture of this style.

Image source: https://www.jeanlucferrand.com/en/produit/furniture/bellanger-louis-xv-style-tomb-commode-before-1876/

Furniture

New items appearedin this period.  Dining tables, round or oval were used with a floor length tablecloth. In chair design, each feature looks like is flowing into the other without any feeling of separation. The molded chair frames are decorated with rich floral carvings. The most famous Louis XV chair is the bergère.

A classic Louis XV Rococo fauteuil from the 17th century.
A classic Louis XV Rococo fauteuil from the 17th century.

Image source: https://www.onekingslane.com/info/home/rococo-in-france/#ref1

Canapés (sofas) became increasingly appreciated. One form, often named marquise is, so to speak, an big armchair. The majority of canapés were made to be used by three persons. The basket-shaped canapé was one of the most requested. The duchesse, was a day bed distinguished by its gondola-shaped back. Dealing with beds, the “lit à colonnes” was not used anymore. “Lit à la polonaise” became the new fashion must.

French, Provincial, Louis XV period, walnut and caned canapé
French, Provincial, Louis XV period, walnut and caned canapé, Mid-18th century.

Image source: http://www.faccents.com/item653.html

All tables have cabriole legs. In all sizes, these tables are brilliant and versatile. For the bedrooms were employed tables such as the vide-poche. For the boudoirs and the salons, there were little work tables, called tricoteuses or chiffonnières.

A little table in Louis XV style.
A little table in Louis XV style.

Image source: https://www.anticoantico.com/en/items/178654/French-inlaid-side-table-with-marble-top-in-Louis-XV-style?

Painting

The most important subjects of this painting were mythology and history, the same of Louis XIV style. When Louis started the construction of new apartments within the palaces of Versailles and Fontaimbleau, his tastes changed to pastoral scenes painting. The favourite artist of the King was Boucher. He produced for the King art of every kind from religious paintings to landscapes and exotic scenes.

1756 Marquise de Pompadour in blue dress by Francois Boucher (National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh) Louis XV mistress
1756 Marquise de Pompadour in blue dress by Francois Boucher (National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh) Louis XV mistress.

Image source: https://it.pinterest.com/pin/324399979378904745/

Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Quinze

https://www.onekingslane.com/info/home/rococo-in-france/

http://www.artquid.com/page/14/the-louis-xv-style.html

please also visit: www.idesign.wiki

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