Pre-Modern

Pre-Modern Style included different sensibilities, movements and artists such as  Thonet, The Shakers, Arts and Crafts, the Chicago and Glasgow Schools.

Pre-modern interior design, example of Arts and Crafts
Pre-modern interior design, example of Arts and Crafts

Image source: http://www.impressiveinteriordesign.com/arts-and-crafts-interior-design-and-great-decorating-ideas/

Thonet Style

Michael Thonet was born in 1796. He was a cabinet maker. He had projected a new process of making furnishings out of a combination of bent and glued wooden parts. The Boppard Layerwood Chair was his first true success, although he failed in getting a patent for the technology he used to design it.


Boppard-Layerwood chair.
Boppard-Layerwood chair.

Image source: http://museum-boppard.de/explore/thonet/

Shaker Style

It has no ornaments in the design of the woodworks. The most relevant values of Shaker furniture are good craftsmanship, functionality and simplicity. It was believed that all things were meant to be created in the name of religion. The concern for spirituality looked for perfection in craftsmanship without taking shortcuts.

Shaker furniture, example.
Shaker furniture, example.

Image source: http://www.curbed.com/2015/3/11/9982424/shaker-furniture-is-back-in-style

Arts and Crafts

The Arts and Crafts movement was made created by a group of English designers and writers that wanted a return to good made by hands, goods  poor quality products. This will to create something unique, had as a result, stylised flowers, allegoric figures from the Bible and literature, for example.

Natural motifs, handmade details.
Natural motifs, handmade details.

Image source: http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/a/arts-and-crafts/

Arts and crafts interior design.
Arts and crafts interior design.

Image source: http://www.dwellcandy.com/interior-design-styles-2/arts-craft/

Glasgow School

The Glasgow School was born as a circle of influential artists and designers that began to work together in Glasgow. Famous groups included “The Four”: Margaret MacDonald, the architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh, MacDonald’s sister Frances and Herbert McNair. They wereimportant in the creation of the distinctive Glasgow Style.

Glasgow school style building.
Glasgow school style building.

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glasgow_School

Chicago school

Much of its early work is also known as Commercial style. In the history of art, the first Chicago School was a movement of architects active in Chicago at the beginning of the 20th century. They started promoting new technologies of steel-frame construction in commercial structures, along with the concern for the use of space. A Second Chicago School started designing with new building technologies structural systems.

Montauk building in Chicago.
Montauk building in Chicago.

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montauk_Building

Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Thonet

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaker_furniture

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arts_and_Crafts_movement

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glasgow_School_of_Art

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_school_(architecture)

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