Site Map

The Stone Age ( 8700 – 2000 BC )

The Bronze Age ( 3200 – 600 BC )

The Iron Age ( 11th Century – 600 BC )

ANCIENT MATERIALS

Ancient Technologies and Techniques


Ancient Rome (753BC-476AD)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions

Barbarian Invasions (3rd-9th Century)

Low Middle Ages (400-1000)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions

High Middle Ages (1000-1300)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions

ART

Renaissance (1300-1400)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions

ART

  • Jan van Eyck (1385–1440)
  • Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)
  • Dutch and Flemish Renaissance Art

High Renaissance / Mannerism (1500)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions, Discoveries

  • Cristoforo Colombo and The New World (1492)
  • Amerigo Vespucci and The Exploration of America (1497-1507)
  • The European Conquistadores (1519-1560)
  • The Golden Age of The Spanish Empire (1521-1643)
  • Etching

ART

  • Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571)
  • Tintoretto (1518-1594)
  • Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526-1593)

MUSIC & THEATER

Baroque 1600 ( 17th Century )

ART

  • Caravaggio – Michelangelo Merisi (1571-1610)
  • Pieter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669)
  • Jan Vermeer (1632-1675)

Rococò 1700 ( 18th Century )

MUSIC

  • Mozart

Neoclassicism (1750-1830)

ART

  • Neoclassic Art
    • Joseph-Marie Vien (1716-1809)
    • Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825)
    • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867)
    • Antonio Canova (1757-1822)
    • Etienne-Louis Boullée (1728-1799)
    • Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (1736-1806)
    • Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844)
    • Giuseppe Piermarini (1734-1808)
    • Giuseppe Valadier (1762-1839)
    • Karl-Friederich Schinkel (1781-1841)

Industrialism (1760-1870)

PHOTOGRAPHY

Eclecticism (18th – 19th Century)

ART

  • Realism (1830 – 1970)
    • Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (1819–1877)
    • Jean-François Millet (181 –1875)
  • Romantic Art
    • Johann Heinrich Füssli (1741-1825)
    • Francisco de Goya (1746-1828)
    • William Blake (1757-1827)
    • William Turner (1775-1851)
    • John Constable (1776-1837)
    • Théodore Géricault (1791-1824)
    • Eugène Delacroix  (1798–1863)

MUSIC

  • Bel  Canto  School
  • Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Verdi, Puccini
  • German Opera
  • Wagner

Pre-Modern 1800 (19th Century)

ART

  • Pre-Impressionism
  • Édouard Manet (1832-1883)
    • Paul Cézanne (1839–1906)
  • Impressionism (1860 -1890)
    • Claude Monet (1840-1926)
    • Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)
    • Edgar Degas (1834-1917)
  • Neo/Post-impressionism (1886-1905)
    • Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)
    • Vincent Willem van Gogh (1853–1890)
  • Pointillism
    • Georges-Pierre Seurat (1859-1891)

GRAPHIC DESIGN & ANIMATION

  • Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau (1801-1883)
    • Phenakistiscope (1833)
  • Jules Chéret (1836-1932)
  • Emile Reynaud (1844-1918)
    • Praxinoscope (1877)

CINEMA

MUSIC

Arts and Crafts (1850-1914)

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

Art Nouveau / Jugendstil (1890-1914)

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • William Henry Bradley 1868–1962
  • Edward Penfield 1866–1925
  • Alfons Mucha 1860–1939
  • James Ensor (1860- 1949)
  • Otto Eckmann 1865-1902
  • Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940
  • Georges de Feure 1868–1943
  • Leopoldo Metlicovitz 1868–1944
  • Adolf Hohenstein 1854–1928
  • Leonetto Cappiello 1875–1942
  • Umberto Brunelleschi 1879-1949

Wiener Sezession / Secession (1897-1914)

Early Modern (1900-1914)

ART

CINEMA

  • The First Kolossals
    • The Siege of Troy (1911)
    • Cabiria (1917)

ANIMATION

  • Emile Cohl (1857-1938)
    • Fantasmagorie (1908)
  • Winsor McCay (1869-1934)
    • Little Nemo (1911)

Expressionism  (1910-1930)

ART

CINEMA

  • Expressionist Cinema
    • Robert Wiene’s Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari 1920
    • Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau’s Nosferatu 1922
    • Fritz Lang’s Metropolis 1927

De Stijl / Neoplasticism (1917-1942)

Functionalism / Bauhaus (1919-1933)

Modern / International (1920-1980)

  • Petroleum
  • Henry Ford
  • Automobile

ART

CINEMA

  • Carl Th. Dreyer
  • Hollywood Studios Golden Era
    • David W. Griffith
    • Charlie Chaplin

ANIMATION

Rationalism  (1922-1945)

Decò (1925-1945)

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Tamara de Lempicka (1898–1980)
  • Georges Lepape  (1887–1971)

Late Modern (1950-Today)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions, Discoveries

  • Inkjet printing

ART

CINEMA

  • Yasujirō Ozu 1903–1963
  • Kaneto Shindō 1912–2012
  • Italian Neorealism
    • Luchino Visconti 1906-1976
    • Roberto Rosselini 1906-1977
    • Vittorio De Sica 1901-1974

The Fifties and POP Culture (1950s)

ART

  • New Dada
  • Pop Art
    • Richard Hamilton (1922-2011)
    • Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)
    • Andy Warhol (1928-1987)

CINEMA

  • Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998)
  • Italian Masters of Cinema
    • Federico Fellini (1920-1993)
    • Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922-1975)
    • Michelangelo Antonioni (1912-2007)
  • French Nouvelle Vague
    François Truffaut
    Jean-Luc Godard
  • Alfred Hitchcock (1826-1980)
  • Saul Bass (1920-1996)

The Sixsties (1960s)

ART

  • Happening
  • Video Art
    • Bill Viola
  • Psychedelic Art
  • Conceptual Art
  • Performance Art
  • Op Art
  • Arte Povera
  • Minimal Art
    • Yves Klein
    • Frank Stella
    • Donald Judd
  • Milton Glaser

CINEMA

  • David Lean
  • John Schlesinger
  • Dennis Hopper
  • Roman Polanski
  • Sergio Leone

Post Modern (1970s-Today)

CINEMA

  • New Hollywood and the VCR
    • Martin Scorsese
    • Francis Ford Coppola
    • Brian de Palma
    • William Friedkin

MUSIC

  • Punk
  • Alternative
  • Hip Hop

High-Tech / Eco-Tech (1970s-Today)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions, Discoveries

CINEMA

Minimalism (1970s-Today)

ART

  • Donald Judd (1928-1994)
  • Sol Le Witt
  • Richard Serra
  • Post-Minimal Art

CINEMA

  • Robert Bresson
  • Andrei Tarkovsky (1932–1986)
  • Bela Tarr
  • Werner Herzog

Deconstructivism (1970s-Today)

CINEMA

  • David Lynch
  • Terrence Malick
  • Leos Carax

Neo-Expressionism (1980s-Today)

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions, Discoveries

CINEMA

  • Terry Gilliam
  • Roy Andresson
  • Darren Aronofsky
  • Wes Anderson

Radical/Kitsch (1980s-Today)

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Maurizio Cattelan
  • Marina Abramovic
  • Christo Javacheff
  • Bruce Nauman

CINEMA

ANIMATION & COMICS

Street & Underground (1980s-Today)

COMICS

  • Robert Crumb
    • Fritz the Cat (1969)
  • Charles Burns
  • Andrea Pazienza
  • Tanino Liberatore
    • Ranx Xerox

CINEMA

  • Quentin Tarantino
  • Guy Ritchie
  • Nicolas Winding Refn
  • Gaspar Noé
  • Jonas Åkerlund
  • Ulrich Seidl

Eco-Design (21th Century)


Technologies, Techniques, Inventions, Discoveries

CINEMA

  • James Cameron
  • Christopher Nolan

Web 2.0

Contemporary Design

  • Jonathan Ive
  • James Dyson
  • Bjarke Ingels
  • David Adjaye
  • Elizabeth Scofidio
  • Snøhetta – Dykers & Thorsen
  • Yasmeen Lari
  • Célia Nkala
  • Rem D. Koolhaas

Technologies, Techniques, Inventions, Discoveries

  • Graphic Design
  • Cumunication Design
  • Web Design
  • Responsive Design
  • Interior Design
  • Exhibition Design
  • Scenography
  • Furniture Design
  • Lighting Design
  • Color Design
  • Photography
  • Fashion Design
  • Car Design
  • Yacht Design
  • Audio Design

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

Designing The Future