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Ancient Design

ANCIENT MATERIALS

ANCIENT TECHNIQUES


ANCIENT STYLES

Rome 753BC-476AD

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

Low Middle Ages 500-1000

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

  • Arabic Numerals (500)
  • Chinese Gunpowder (800)
  • Abbas ibn Firnas, The First Flying Man  (810–887)

High Middle Ages 1000-1300

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

ART

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

ART

INVENTIONS & INNOVATIONS

  • Cristoforo Colombo and The New World (1492)
  • Amerigo Vespucci and The Exploration of America (1497-1507)
  • The European Conquistadores (1519-1560)
  • The Golden Age of The Spanish Empire (1521-1643)

ART

  • Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571)
  • Tintoretto (1518-1594)
  • Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526-1593)

MUSIC

Baroque 1600 ( 17th – 18th Century )

ART

  • Caravaggio – Michelangelo Merisi (1571-1610)

  • Pieter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

  • Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669)
  • Jan Vermeer (1632-1675)

Rococò 1700 ( 18th Century )

Neoclassicism 1750-1830

    • Rome, Pompeii and Ercolano New Excavations (1740)

ART

  • Neoclassic Art
    • Joseph-Marie Vien 1716-1809
    • Jacques-Louis David 1748-1825
    • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres 1780-1867
    • Antonio Canova 1757-1822
    • Etienne-Louis Boullée 1728-1799
    • Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1736-1806
    • Bertel Thorvaldsen 1770-1844
    • Giuseppe Piermarini 1734-1808
    • Giuseppe Valadier 1762-1839
    • Karl-Friederich Schinkel 1781-1841

Industrialism 1760-1870

PHOTOGRAPHY

Eclecticism (18th – 19th Century)

ART

  • Realism 1830 – 1970
    • Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet 1819–1877
    • Jean-François Millet 181 –1875
  • Romantic Art
    • Johann Heinrich Füssli 1741-1825
    • Francisco de Goya 1746-1828
    • William Blake 1757-1827
    • William Turner 1775-1851
    • John Constable 1776-1837
    • Théodore Géricault 1791-1824
    • Eugène Delacroix  1798–1863

MUSIC

  • Bel  Canto  School
  • Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Verdi, Puccini
  • German Opera
  • Wagner

Pre-Modern 1800 (19th Century)

ART

  • Pre-Impressionism
  • Édouard Manet 1832-1883
    • Paul Cézanne 1839–1906
  • Impressionism 1860 -1890
    • Claude Monet 1840-1926
    • Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1841-1919
    • Edgar Degas 1834-1917
  • Neo/Post-impressionism 1886-1905
    • Paul Gauguin 1848-1903
    • Vincent Willem van Gogh 1853–1890
  • Pointillism 1879
    • Georges-Pierre Seurat 1859-1891

GRAPHIC DESIGN & ANIMATION

  • Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau 1801-1883
    • Phenakistiscope 1833
  • Jules Chéret 1836-1932
  • Emile Reynaud 1844-1918
    • Praxinoscope 1877

CINEMA

MUSIC

  • The Birth of Jazz

Arts and Crafts 1850-1914

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood 1848
    • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Walter Crane 1845-1915
  • Decadentism
    • Jan Toorop 1858–1928
    • Aubrey Beardsley 1872-1898

Art Nouveau / Jugendstil 1890-1914

ART AND GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • William Henry Bradley 1868–1962
  • Edward Penfield 1866–1925
  • Alfons Mucha 1860–1939
  • James Ensor 1860- 1949
  • Otto Eckmann 1865-1902
  • Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940
  • Georges de Feure 1868–1943
  • Leopoldo Metlicovitz 1868–1944
  • Adolf Hohenstein 1854–1928
  • Leonetto Cappiello 1875–1942
  • Umberto Brunelleschi 1879-1949

Wiener Sezession / Vienna Secession 1897-1914

Early Modern 1900-1914

ART

CINEMA

  • The First Kolossals
    • The Siege of Troy 1911
    • Cabiria 1917

ANIMATION

  • Emile Cohl (1857-1938)
    • Fantasmagorie 1908
  • Winsor McCay (1869-1934)
    • Little Nemo 1911

Expressionism  1910-1930

ART

CINEMA

  • Expressionist Cinema
    • Robert Wiene’s Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari 1920
    • Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau’s Nosferatu 1922
    • Fritz Lang’s Metropolis 1927

De Stijl / Neoplasticism 1917-1942

Functionalism 1919-1933

Modern 1920-1980

  • Petroleum
  • Henry Ford
  • Automobile

ART

  • Surrealism 1920
    • André Breton 1896-1966
    •  Francis Picabia 1879-1953
    • René Magritte 1898-1967
    • Max Ernst 1891 – 1976
    • Salvador Dalí 1904-1989
  • Edward Hopper 1882-1967
  • Grant Wood 1892-1942
  • George Grosz 1893-1959
  • Alexander Calder 1898-1976
  • Frida Kahlo 1907-1954

CINEMA

  • Carl Th. Dreyer
  • Hollywood Studios Golden Era
    • David W. Griffith
    • Charlie Chaplin

ANIMATION

Rationalism  1922-1945

  • Gruppo 7
  • Giuseppe Terragni (1904-1943)
  • Marcello Piacentini
    • Sapienza University
  • EUR Esposizione Universale Roma 1936-1942
  • Albert Speer
  • Totalitarian Architecture

Decò 1925-1945

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Tamara de Lempicka 1898–1980
  • Georges Lepape  1887–1971

Late Modern (1950-Today)

ART

  • Alberto Giacometti 1877-1966
  • Henry Spencer Moore 1898-1986
  • Lucio Fontana (1899-1968)
  • Abstract Expressionism 1940
    • Action Painting
      • Jackson Pollock 1912-1956
    • Color Field Painting
      • Mark Rothko 1903-1970
  • Marino Marini 1901-1980
  • Francis Bacon 1909-1992
  • Alberto Burri 1915-1995
  • Jean Tinguely

CINEMA

  • Yasujirō Ozu 1903–1963
  • Kaneto Shindō 1912–2012
  • Italian Neo-realism
    • Luchino Visconti 1906-1976
    • Roberto Rosselini 1906-1977
    • Vittorio De Sica 1901-1974

The Fifties and POP Culture 1950s

ART

  • New Dada
  • Pop Art
    • Richard Hamilton (1922-2011)
    • Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)
    • Andy Warhol (1928-1987)

CINEMA

  • Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998)
  • Italian Masters of Cinema
    • Federico Fellini (1920-1993)
    • Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922-1975)
    • Michelangelo Antonioni (1912-2007)
  • French Nouvelle Vague
    François Truffaut
    Jean-Luc Godard
  • Alfred Hitchcock (1826-1980)
  • Saul Bass (1920-1996)

The Sixsties and The Social Revolutions 1960s

ART

  • Happening
  • Video Art
    • Bill Viola
  • Psychedelic Art
  • Conceptual Art
  • Performance Art
  • Op Art
  • Arte Povera
  • Minimal Art
    • Yves Klein
    • Frank Stella
    • Donald Judd
  • Milton Glaser

CINEMA

  • David Lean
  • John Schlesinger
  • Dennis Hopper
  • Roman Polanski
  • Sergio Leone

Post Modern 1970s-Today

CINEMA

  • New Hollywood and the VCR
    • Martin Scorsese
    • Francis Ford Coppola

MUSIC

  • Punk
  • Alternative
  • Hip Hop

High-Tech 1970s-Today

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

CINEMA

Minimalism 1970s-Today

ART

  • Donald Judd (1928-1994)
  • Sol Le Witt
  • Richard Serra
  • Post-Minimal Art

CINEMA

  • Andrei Tarkovsky 1932–1986

Deconstructivism 1970s-Today

CINEMA

  • David Lynch
  • Leos Carax

Neo-Expressionism 1980s-Today

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

CINEMA

  • Terry Gilliam
  • Roy Andresson
  • Darren Aronofsky
  • Wes Anderson

Radical/Kitsch-1980s-Today

ART & GRAPHIC DESIGN

  • Maurizio Cattelan
  • Marina Abramovic
  • Christo Javacheff
  • Bruce Nauman

CINEMA

  • Special Effects Films
    • Steven Spielberg
    • George Lucas
    • Robert Zemeckis
    • Tim Burton
    • Quentin Tarantino
  • 3D Animation

ANIMATION & COMICS

  • Hayao Miyazaki
  • Jiro Tanicuchi
  • Frank Miller
  • Milo Manara

Street & Underground-1980s-Today

  • Graffiti Art
    • Jean-Michel Basquiat 1960-1988
  • Street Art
    • Banksy
    • Shepard Fairey
    • Space Invader
  • Street Pop
    • Thierry Guetta AKA Mr. Brainwash
  • Pop Surrealism
    • Gary Baseman

COMICS

  • Robert Crumb
    • Fritz the Cat 1969
  • Charles Burns
  • Andrea Pazienza
  • Tanino Liberatore
    • Ranx Xerox

Eco-Design 21th Century

NEW TECHNOLOGIES

Design Today

  • Graphic Design
  • Cumunication Design
  • Web Design
  • Responsive Design
  • Interior Design
  • Exhibition Design
  • Scenography
  • Furniture Design
  • Lighting Design
  • Color Design
  • Photography
  • Fashion Design
  • Car Design
  • Yacht Design
  • Audio Design