Liberty style influenced architecture, figurative arts, and applied arts. Its name referred to Arthur Liberty. The movement appeared during the First International Exposition of Modern Decorative Arts in Turin, in 1902.
How it All Started
The birth of this style was connected with Milan in the North of Italy where the most important office of this firm was located. After the International Exhibition in Turin in 1902 “ The Liberty Style Architecture” became a symbol of what will be named the Italian Art Nouveau. It was born in contrast with mass production and the standardization of goods, made with poor quality materials. The movement preferred craftsmanship and the artists felt the need to express their creativity.
Image source: https://www.thegaplifediaries.com/turin-art-nouveau/
This Style Features
The most important characteristics of Italian Art Nouveau were:
- Ornamental Style;
- Sinuous and continuous lines;
- Aesthetic sophistication;
- Attention to details;
In architecture and design, the materials employed were glass and wrought iron, in jewelry semiprecious stones and opals were included in paintings upon finished surfaces.
Image source: https://www.locationamilano.it/location-946-milano.html
The Most Important Artists
Liberty Style in Italy developed thanks to many important figures as Giuseppe Sommaruga, Giuseppe Cominetti, Benvenuto Benvenuti, Ernesto Basile, Carlo Bugatti. Two of them marked the passage to the new art in a distinctive way.
Image source: https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernesto_Basile
Ernesto Basile was a famous Sicilian architect, he was one of the main designers of the Liberty Style. His elegantly basic Art Nouveau architecture is perhaps best represented by the Villino Florio and the Utveggio House in Palermo. He also designed the Villino Basile and the Villino Fassini, both in Palermo. One of his best-known projects was his extension to Bernini‘s Montecitorio Palace in Rome, in an evident Renaissance style. After the 1914–18 war his architecture changed to more Classical elements.
Image source: http://www.arteliberty.it/arte_bugatti.html
Carlo Bugatti was one of Italy’s most important and disruptive designers. Despite falling out of fashion for a little time, his work has recently been recalled thanks to a strong revival. Typical of the first phase of his style, he used heavy, ebonized wood adorned with copper, brass, ivory, or other precious materials decorated with animal or insect patterns. Influenced by Moorish, Japanese, and primitive art, his pieces of furniture, were unique, even theatrical.
Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberty_style