Regency Style (1811-1830)

Regency style evolved under the regency of George, prince of Wales, and during his reign as King George IV of England, that ended in 1830.

Model of an interior in Regency style with (foreground) a rotunda, presumably based on a design by Sir John Soane, and (background) a library, adapted from designs made in 1767 by Robert Adam for Kenwood House, London.
Model of an interior in Regency style with (foreground) a rotunda, presumably based on a design by Sir John Soane, and (background) a library, adapted from designs made in 1767 by Robert Adam for Kenwood House, London.

Image source: https://www.britannica.com/art/Regency-style

The Origin of the Term Regency

The term Regency referred to several stretches of time: some were longer periods than the one of the Regency going from 1811 to 1820. The period from 1795 to 1837  includes the second part of the reign of George III along with the reigns of his sons George IV and William IV. Regency era was featured with particular tendencies in architecture and culture in general.

 as the Prince Regent,1814.
George IV of the United Kingdom as the Prince Regent,1814.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/476607573065684636/

The Most Influent Regency Style Artists

Among the relevant Regency architects was John Nash, who served as court architect for Prince Regent and later King George IV. He also made the project for Regent’s Park and Regent Street in London.

John Nash, portrait.
John Nash, portrait.

Image source: https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Nash_(architetto)

Another important artist was Thomas Hope who had an important role in shaping the taste in the Regency time. His book “Household Furniture and Decoration” became the most important source for designers. It was the first to use the words interior decoration. Important influences of Regency taste were Thomas Sheraton and George Smith, they pubblished designs for Regency forniture. Portraiture was the most leading painting method with Thomas Lawrence.

Cumberland Terrace, Regent’s Park, London, by John Nash, 1826–27.
Cumberland Terrace, Regent’s Park, London, by John Nash, 1826–27.
Image source: 

https://www.britannica.com/place/Regents-Park

Portrait by King George IV by Thomas Lawrence.
Portrait by King George IV by Thomas Lawrence.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/14003448823940066/

Regency Style Characteristics 

The style was inspired by the neoclassical architecture of the Georgian style with a touch of elegance and brightness to the structures. Infact, thestrongest inspiration for Regency taste came from Greek and Roman antiquity, from which artist took details:

  • vertically striped wallpaper;
  • resurgence of the Chinese theme;
  • new interest of Egyptian motifs.
“side cabinet” Regency style
“side cabinet” Regency style

Image source: https://www.pinterest.it/yourmall/regency-furniture/

Regency Architecture

Recalling classical Greek architecture, many regent buildings were symmetrical with bricks, covered in stucco or painted plaster to create a look similar to marble. The most important elements were:

  • main facade (where you will find the door), usually black in color, and flanked by two columns that sometimes support a balcony.
  • balconies are often wrought iron.
  • arched windows.
A classical house in Regency style.
A classical house in Regency style.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.com.au/tigerdinky/john-verge/

Info source: https://www.britannica.com/art/Regency-style