The Sheraton style was especially important and widespread from 1790 to 1820. Today it is known as one of the greatest episodes of the golden age of furniture in England.
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Who Was Thomas Sheraton
Thomas Sheraton was born in Stockton-on-Tees in 1751. He never received specialized training to improve his working skills. He taught himself drawing and geometry and was probably apprenticed to some local cabinet-makers shop. In early life, he called himself a mechanic, with little advantages coming from academic education. He moved to London around 1790 when he was forty years old. Throughout his life, religion played an important role in his work.
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His major works
- “The Cabinet Maker’s and Upholsterer’s Drawing Book”, was published by Sheraton in four volumes in 1791, shortly after Hepplewight‘s publication.
- In 1803 he also completed “The Cabinet Dictionary”.
- In 1805 he published the first volume of “The Cabinet Maker, Upholsterer and General Artist’s Encyclopaedia”.
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About Sheraton style
Sheraton furniture featured contrasting veneers and inlays. Dealing with woods, his favorite types for the decorations were: tulipwood, birch, ash, and rosewood. For the base, satinwood was his favorite, along with mahogany, beech, and walnut. His way of working can be recognized by:
- Rectangular and rectilinear frames, in contrast with Heppelwhite’s;
- Sheraton pieces usually have straight, tapered, legs;
- Motifs such as urns, rosettes, and flowers;
- Japanned motifs.