The Sixsties and The Social Revolutions (1960s)

One of the most important decades in 20th century art,  saw the spread of Pop Art. These were years of social revolutions, changes, featured with a spirit of rebellion.

Interior design 1960s
Interior design 1960s.

Image source: http://www.kphomes.in/portfolio.php?cx=25

Social Changes Influenced Art

It can be said for each decade of our past years ad it is in some way more important in the Sixties: America was changing. New ideas were spreading. Rebellious thoughts and anti-system thoughts were climbing to the mainstream. Culture was rich and varied and many problems in sexism and racism were emerging to be discussed and addressed.


The emblematic design features of the 1960s are:

1960s interior design
1960s interior design, example.

Image source: https://tumblrgallery.com/gallery/1616752

Op Art

Op Art is a movement born in the 1960s. It is a distinct style of art that wants to createa sense of illusion of movement in the viewer. Through the employement of precision and mathematics, contrasts, and abstract forms, these new pieces of art have a three-dimensional perspective that is not used in other styles of art. After the major 1965 exhibition of Op Art named “The Responsive Eye”, the fan became engaged with the movement. As a result Op Art was everywhere.

Optical Art, example.
Optical Art, example.

Image source: https://media.timetoast.com/timelines/corrientes-artisticas-afbc622e-11df-4827-b1de-da7b9611ed84

Getulio Alviani is considered to be one of the most important of the International Optical-Kinetic artists movement. He gave proof of his talent for design and geometric drawing since his childhood. His best known work is “The Wires“, is inspired to aerial electric wires, often employed in his art as a recurring theme.

Getulio Alviani, Aluminium panels. Photo by Paolo Monti, 1963 (Fondo Paolo Monti, BEIC)
Getulio Alviani, Aluminium panels. Photo by Paolo Monti, 1963 (Fondo Paolo Monti, BEIC).

Image source: https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Getulio_Alviani

American Pop Art

American pop art started after a few years after its British counterpart. One of the biggest differences between British pop art and American pop art was that British one was interested more in light-hearted tones and often tended to include humor. American pop art, on the contrary, was the result of the incessant marketing that Americans weresubjected to. It tended to be more serious and dramatic.

American Pop Art, example.
American Pop Art, example.

Image source: https://nga.gov.au/americanmasters/works.cfm?wrkirn=10456

Jasper Johns, after moving to New York City to look for a career as an artist, he became famous in the 1950s for his paintings of flags, targets and other ordinary goods. In 1954, Johns had a dream in which he was working at an American flag. This inspired him to create “Flag”, a painting in encaustic, a technique that employed pigments fused with melted wax.

Three Flags, 1958, Whitney Museum of American Art
Three Flags, 1958, Whitney Museum of American Art.

Image source: https://curiator.com/art/john-singer-sargent/dr-pozzi-at-home

Marilyn Diptych, 1962, Tate Modern, London
Marilyn Diptych, 1962, Tate Modern, London.

Andy Warhol was the American artist, controversial in many ways in the later 20th century. Interested in celebrity and consumer culture Andy Warhol painted some of the most iconic works of the 20th century. Famous works by Andy Warhol include: Campbells Soup Can ,Triple Elvis and Marilyn Diptych.

Image source: https://arthive.com/andywarhol/works/391118~Dittico_di_Marilyn

Soup Can (1962, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York)
Soup Can (1962, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York).

Image source: https://www.pinterest.it/pin/666955026036047772/

Info source: https://www.widewalls.ch/1960s-art/

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