Dankmar Adler (1844-1900)

Dankmar Adler was a Jewish architect and engineer. His partnership with Louis Sullivan was perhaps the most famous and influential in American architecture as they were considered the fathers of modern skyscapers.

Dankmar Adler, World’s Columbian Exposition, about 1891

image source: https://primarysourcehistory.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/dfrwce-port_adler_crop.jpg?w=474&h=633

About his life

Dankmar Adler was born on July 3, 1844 in Germany. He was a Jewish architect. Adler was a civil engineer who, with his partner Louis Sullivan, designed several architectures. The firm of Adler and Sullivan was instrumental in rebuilding Chicago after the Great Fire and was the leader in the Chicago school of architecture. In addition to his own accomplishments with steel-framed buildings and skyscrapers, he trained Frank Lloyd Wright. He died on April 16, 1900 in Chicago, Illinois.

info source: http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Adler_Dankmar.html

Photo of Dankmar Alder, 1900

images source: https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dankmar_Adler#/media/File:Dankmar_Adler.jpg

What were his major works?

The Auditorium is one of Chicago’s architectural masterpieces. Adler and Sullivan received the commission based on Adler’s expertise in acoustics and engineering. The Auditorium demonstrates Adler’s technical ability to accommodate a variety of uses, from political conventions to grand opera, under one roof, with the help of a young Frank Lloyd Wright hired to draft finished drawings of the interior of the project. Innovations in foundation technology allowed the large, heavy building to be constructed on notoriously marshy land.

Interior of Auditorium, Adler & Sullivan, 1889, Chicago

image source: http://www.architecture.org/architecture-chicago/buildings-of-chicago/building/auditorium-building/

Auditorium, Alder & Sullivan, 1889, Chicago

image source: http://www.arthistory.upenn.edu/spr01/282/w2c2i18.jpg

Adler and Sullivan also designed the new Kehilath Anshe Ma’ariv Synagogue (1891), where Adler’s father was the Rabbi.  After this time, Adler and Sullivan focused primarily on office buildings and created some of the most famous designs of the time including the Wainwright Building in St. Louis, MO (1891) and the Guaranty Building in Buffalo, NY (1896).

info source: http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/89.html

info source: https://primarysourcehistory.wordpress.com/2015/03/09/dankmar-adler-architecture-and-the-american-dream/

Wainwright Building, Adler & Sullivan, 1891, St. Louis

image source: http://interactive.wttw.com/sites/default/files/styles/tenbuildings_hero/public/tenbuildings/TB302ss.jpg

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