Eileen Gray (1878-1976)

Irish Furniture designer and architect, Eileen Gray  was a pioneer of the Modern  Architecture and Deco Design Style.

Eileen Gray (1878-1976)
Eileen Gray (1878-1976)

image source: https://editoratlarge.com/articles/5303/eileen-gray-and-jean-badovici-dialogues-brought-to-life


About her life

Coming from an aristocratic Irish-Scottish family, Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray (9 August 1878 – 31 October 1976), went to London and Paris to study architecture and design. She first made a name for herself as a leading designer of lacquered walls and decorative panels. With her theories on design and architecture she left an indelible mark on our ideas about living. Today she is still considered the epitome of Modernism and is the only woman whose name is mentioned in the same breath as Le CorbusierMies van der Rohe and Marcel Breuer.


info source: http://www.classicon.com/eileen-gray-en.html

Eileen Gray, 1971
Eileen Gray, 1971

image source: https://www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/people/eileen-gray-thoroughly-modern-maker-1.2015801

What were her major works?

Eileen Gray’s next major contribution to design was in architecture. Encouraged by Le Corbusier and J.J.P Oud, she designed two houses in the Alpes Maritimes, one at Roquebrune which was built from 1926-1929, and the other at Castellar, built from 1932-1934. Both houses are considered to be among the purest examples of domestic architecture and interior design of the period. The inter-war years also saw Eileen Gray’s ‘Centre des Vacances’ project, which was shown in Le Corbusier’s Pavilion des Temps Nouveaux at the Paris International Exhibition of 1937.

info source: http://www.eileengray.co.uk/

House at Roquebrune, Alpes Maritimes, 1926-1929.
House at Roquebrune, Alpes Maritimes, 1926-1929.

image source: http://www.archdaily.com/tag/eileen-gray

Her design style was as distinctive as her way of working, and Gray developed an opulent, luxurious take on the geometric forms and industrially produced materials.

info source: http://designmuseum.org/designers/eileen-gray

Eileen Gray interior
Eileen Gray interior

image source: https://www.dezeen.com/2013/09/09/eileen-gray-was-disappointed-that-she-was-forgotten-zeev-aram/

Her tubular steel furniture designs, at the time revolutionary, have become classics. The high point of her career was her appointment to the Royal Society of Art in London in 1972 as Royal Designer to Industry. The Museum of Modern Art added her legendary Adjustable Table E 1027 to its permanent design collection in 1978.

info source: http://www.classicon.com/eileen-gray-en.html

E 1027, Eileen Gray (1927)
E 1027, Eileen Gray (1927)

image source: http://www.eileengray.co.uk/products/e1027/

Soft leather and tubular steel Bibendum Chair and clinically chic E-1027 glass and tubular steel table are now as familiar as icons of the International Style as Le Corbusier and Perriand’s classic Grand Confort club chairs.

info source: http://designmuseum.org/designers/eileen-gray

Bibendum, Eileen Gray (1926)
Bibendum, Eileen Gray (1926)

image source: https://www.architonic.com/en/product/classicon-bibendum/1390403

Some of her other famous works:

CHAIRS

  • Aixia (1928)
  • Bar Stool No. 1
  • Bar Stool No. 2
  • Bonaparte (1935)
  • Non Conformist (1926)
  • Roquebrune (1927)
Eileen Gray, Non Conformist (1926)
Eileen Gray, Non Conformist (1926)

image source: https://www.museum.ie/Decorative-Arts-History/Exhibitions/Current-Exhibitions/Eileen-Gray

TABLES

  • De Stijl (1922)
  • Double X (1928)
  • Jean (1929)
  • Lou Perou (1926)
  • Menton (1932)
  • Occasional Table (1927)
  • Petite Coiffeuse (1926)
  • Rivoli (1928)
De Stijl, Eileen Gray (1922)
De Stijl, Eileen Gray (1922)

image source: http://www.eileengray.co.uk/products/de-stijl/

LIGHTING

  • Pailla (1927)
  • Roattino (1931)
  • Tube Light (1927)
Roattino, Eileen Gray (1931)
Roattino, Eileen Gray (1931)

image source: http://www.eileengray.co.uk/products/roattino/

 

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