Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)

Leonardo da Vinci was an extremely talented Italian polymath, being simultaneously a scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, botanist, musician and writer. His artwork and inventions made him one of the greatest creative minds of the Renaissance and of all the times.

Leonardo da Vinci, old picture

Image source: http://www.leonardodavinci.net

About his life.

Leonardo di Ser Piero da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in Florence. He was an illegitimate son of a notary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant girl Catherine in Vinci. He was an apprentice of the famous Florentine painter Verrocchio. In his youth, Leonardo was in service of Ludovico il Moro in Milan. Later he worked in Rome, Bologna and Venice. He spent the rest of his life in France, and died on May 2, 1519.


What are his major works?

  • The Annunciation
  • Madonna of the Carnation
  • Madonna Litta
  • Virgin of the Rocks
  • Lady with an Ermine
  • La Belle Ferronnière
  • Salvator Mundi
  • The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne
  • Mona Lisa (1503-1506) is da Vinci’s most famous work. The painting is one of the most valuable exhibits in the Louvre in Paris. The Italians call it La Gioconda, the French call it La Joconde. Leonardo masterfully managed to convey the feeling of general harmony in the picture, which reflects the idea of the unity of man and nature. It is probably the finest example of portraiture, one of the greatest paintings of the Renaissance and a testament of Leonardo’s genius.
Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, 1503-1506

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki

  • The Last Supper is a mural painting on the back wall of the dining room in the Dominican monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Italy. The painting was created from 1495 to 1498. The plot of the work is based on the last meal of Christ and his twelve Apostles. The composition of the work is based on ratio and balance. We can identify an equilateral triangle, which forms the body of Christ, and a circle, which appears in the silhouette of a curved pediment against the background. These ideal geometric forms are a manifestation of Renaissance and Neo-platonic theories.
Last Supper, Leonardo da Vinci, 1498

Image source: https://www.khanacademy.org

  • The Vitruvian Man (1487) is a world famous pen and ink drawing on paper. This is an image of a nude male figure in two superimposed positions, inscribed in a circle and a square. The drawing demonstrates the relationship between ideal human proportions and geometry. It is sometimes referred to as the Canon of Proportions or, less commonly, Human Proportions. The idea of the Vitruvian Man was first described by the ancient Roman architect Vitruvius in his treatise De Architectura.
Vitruvian Man, Leonardo da Vinci, 1487

Image source: http://blog.world-mysteries.com

 

How can we identify Da Vinci’s style?

  • He used the technique of sfumato with great mastery. Sfumato refers to the subtle gradation of tone which was used to obscure sharp edges and create a synergy between lights and shadows in a painting.
  • Leonardo shaped his objects in two dimensions by capturing the light and shadow of three dimensions. This use of light and shadow was called chiaroscuro.
  • Leonardo da Vinci typically painted with oil paint that he made by hand from ground pigments; later in his career, he worked with tempera made from egg whites.
  • The Leonardo da Vinci painting technique used natural hues that were muted in intensity. Most often, his works used blues, browns and greens in accordance to the earth itself. He also incorporated neutral grays, typically for underpainting.
  • By using such a small range of colors, he was able to give his finished works a more cohesive appearance.
  • His work surface typically would be a canvas or board, or sometimes stone when painting a mural.
Belle Ferronnière, Leonardo da Vinci, 1490-1495

image source: http://www.stilearte.it/

Info sources: http://www.leonardoda-vinci.org/

http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-paintings/mona-lisa.htm

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Leonardo-da-Vinci/The-Last-Supper

http://www.leonardodavinci.net/the-vitruvian-man.jsp

https://www.thoughtco.com/g00/old-masters-style-sfumato-and-chiaroscuro-2578618?i10c.referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.it%2F

http://www.artble.com/artists/leonardo_da_vinci

http://www.davincilife.com/article4-davinci-painting-technique.html

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ap-art-history/early-europe-and-colonial-americas/renaissance-art-europe-ap/a/leonardo-last-supper

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