Rue Franklin Apartments (1902)

Rue Franklin Apartments by Perret’s are considered to be the first reinforced concrete building in the history of Architecture.

Rue Franklin Apartments

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Rue Franklin Apartments frontal view.

The building of Franklin Street is the perfect type of a modern luxury building: elevator, cellar, electricity, bathroom, toilet, telephone, caretaker and rooms for the domestics. The building was moreover considered from the beginning for its comfort and its modernity. It adopts all the possibilities for modern building and the use of new materials. The reinforced concrete skeleton and the cover of ceramic floral decorations assure the elegance and the lightness of the building. With this building, Perret wanted to achieve efficiency, quality and a good arrangement of spaces.

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Architect: Auguste Perret                       Location:  Paris, France

Construction period: 1902 to 1904       Style: Early Art Deco

Building: apartment block


Glazed facade with an exposed reinforced concrete frame.

While combining his modern conception of architecture and the use of a new constructive method as well as state-of-the-art materials, Auguste Perret succeeds in realizing a building with a visible skeleton. It consists of posts arranged in the extremities of the segments which divide up the internal space. Walls are not any more carriers as in the traditional constructions.

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The plan

Apartment plan

This skeleton allows for every floor to have an arrangement of possible partitions of rooms, according to the desires of the inhabitants. Each floor is organized with the main and service stairs to the rear (each with its own elevator), the kitchen to one side and the principal rooms to the front. These last are divided up from left to right into rooms assigned to smoking, dining, living, sleeping and reception.

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