Louis-Jean-Sylvestre Majorelle (1859-1926)

French decorator and furniture designer Louis-Jean-Sylvestre Majorelle manufactured his pieces of art. He was one of the greatest Art Nouveau furniture designers .

Photo of Louis Majorelle, 1908

image source: http://artnouveaujugendstil.blogspot.it/2012/02/la-villa-majorelle-nancy.html

About his life

Artist-decorator, cabinet maker and manufacturer after his studies in Nancy, Louis Majorelle was, in 1877, went to Pthe Paris School of Fine Art. On his father’s death, two years later, he was obliged to return to Nancy. With his brother he took over the family faience and furniture-making factory. In 1894, Louis Majorelle created a complete new collection models using inlays inspired by naturalism and symbolism. Particularly well-known as a cabinet maker, Louis Majorelle produced two main types of furniture : a luxury furniture collection alongside with a less expensive one. Louis Majorelle introduced metal working in his workshops to produce bronzes as furniture decoration, and, in 1896 in collaboration with Daum, for use as lights. His numerous activities led him to open a number of retail shops. And in 1901 he was appointed vice-president of the famous School of Nancy. The production of Louis Majorelle workshops after 1918, was to became less floral and more geometric in what would be called later Art Deco. He died in 1926.

info source: http://www.senses-artnouveau.com/biography.php?artist=MAJ

Statue of Louis Majorelle, Ecole de Nancy Museum, Nancy

image source: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Majorelle#/media/File:Buste_de_Louis_Majorelle_(mus%C3%A9e_de_lEcole_de_Nancy)_(4016928229).jpg

What kind of furniture did he produce?

The French designer inherited his father’s furniture workshop, specialised in luxurious Neo-Classical and Neo-Rococo pieces. From the 1890s, under Emile Gallé‘s influence, Louis Majorelle turns himself towards a modern Art Nouveau style with elegant proportions and refined marquetries. He was a master in the design of furniture using carving, inlay and ormolu or other metal decorative elements; the curving themes were generally based on floral patterns. He, however, privileges an architectural balance and finds in nature a key inspiration.

Wall Cabinet, Louis Majorelle, Walters Art Museum

image source: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Majorelle#/media/File:Louis_Majorelle_-_Wall_Cabinet_-_Walters_6587.jpg

The work at Nancy is amazing in its varietyoriginality and beauty, although there is a tendency toward an excess of decorative richness. Majorelle’s style incorporated a modified flowing line with polished woods, highlighted by Art Nouveau bronze mounts in the 18th-century tradition. Majorelle’s catalogs between 1900 and 1914 show a tremendous output: suites of furniture for individual rooms, furniture using botanical motifs or other stylistic themes, and specific pieces whose prices ranged according to custom-ordered materials.

info source: A History of Interior Design

info source: https://theredlist.com/wiki-2-18-392-1335-1338-1339-view-french-art-nouveau-1-profile-majorelle-louis-1.html

info source: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-Majorelle

Armchair, Louis Majorelle, 1900

image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Armchair,_Louis_Majorelle,_1900_-_IMG_1639.JPG


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