Digital art

Digital Art is a contemporary form of Art produced with partial or total use of Digital Applications or Presented on digital technology devices.

Digital sunset

image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/8e4472f8-0ec8-45a8-b9d8-98ffb73c40ed by ciokkolata_is_ashamed_of_silvio_burlesquoni

The term ‘digital art’ was first used in the 1980s in connection to an early computer painting program. Nowadays, Digital art includes images done completely on the computer or hand-drawn images scanned into a computer and finished using a software program like Adobe Illustrator.


“El Alma del Ebro” sculpture by Artist Jaume Plensa ( Spain, 2008 )

image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/c0542835-8fb2-4b26-87c6-3c7918434a02  by Paulo Brandão

Digital art can also involve animation and 3D virtual sculpture renderings as well as projects that combine several technologies. Digital Art falls into three basic categories: digital painting, digital photography and fractals. There are several subcategories and an artist can combine them to create their own unique artwork.

2D Digital Painting
The artist creates 2D images totally in the computer virtual environment with the use of painting tools that emulate natural media styles. Sometimes referred to as “Natural Media”.

digital painting

image source:https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/5a1a81d3-eaee-4461-95fd-fcf44aa07a13 by you mee

Digital Collage
This is a technique of combining many images from varying sources into one image. This is most commonly achieved by the use of layering techniques in image editing and paint software. The artist may also use images from x-rays or radar to produce images that the eye does not normally see, which expands the realm of human perception.

Imperial – digital photo collage

image source:https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/91abacb0-8b15-4603-9dda-6881d74f4743 by Lostinawave

 Integrated Digital Art
This is the “mixed media” of the digital art world. Artists combine any number of techniques to achieve unique results. The digital environment is much less restricted than conventional mediums in this type of integration and manipulation.

3D Digital Painting3D: The artist uses 3D modelling and rendering software to essentially sculpt in virtual space. This method also makes use of all of the other methods.

3D art

image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/db108a32-f270-4cb8-922a-c7884adc29a2 by Syuqor7

Vector Drawing
The artist uses vector drawing software and creates the image totally in the virtual environment. This makes use of shapes that are outlined and can be filled with various colours and patterns. This tends to produce a harder-edged or graphic look.

‘The Cost of Raising a Child’ Infographic.

image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/a552e2ae-facc-41d1-96c1-1f2bb79d883d by USDAgov

Algorithmic/Fractals
This is art produced exclusively by mathematical manipulations. This is the so-called “computer-generated” art. The art here lies in the invention of the mathematical formulas themselves and the way the programs are written to take advantage of the display capabilities of the hardware. The art also lies in the creative intentions and subsequent selections of the artist/mathematician.

Fractal art

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