The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas and Louis Jean were among the first filmmakers in history. Inspired by Thomas Edison’s Kinetoscope, they developed the Cinématographe and created the first Motion Picture.
Born in Besançon, France, Auguste (October 19, 1862) and Louis (October 5, 1864) moved to Lyon, France in 1870 and attended La Martiniere, the largest technical school in the city.
Children of a manufacturer and supplier of photographic equipment, since childhood Auguste and Louis, have been constantly surrounded by photography and art, developing the intelligence for technology right from the start.
While working with his father, Claude-Antoine Lumiére, Louis began experimenting with equipment and discovered a new ‘dry plate’ process in 1881, which largely aided the development of photography.
Due to the new photography process, the Lumiéres became famous businessmen and Auguste was invited to a demonstration of Thomas Edison’s Peephole Kinetoscope in Paris. This led to the invention of the Cinématographe and the Invention of Cinema.
They have created more than 40 films with significant influence on pop culture, including documentation of French common life, comedy shorts, the first newsreel, and the first documentaries. After all their development and cinematic success, the brothers decided to bring attention back to photography, as they believed “cinema is an invention with no future”.
In 1907, they produced the first practical color photography process, known as “Autochrome Lumiere”. The Lumiére Company continued to be a major supplier of photographic products throughout Europe in the 20th century.