Vienna Secession Style (1897-1914)

The Vienna Secession started as a reaction to the conservatism of the artistic institutions in the Austrian capital at the end of the 19th century.

VER SACRUM (1898-1899)
VER SACRUM (1898-1899)- Ver Sacrum was useful to the movement to publish square versions of modernist austrian works.

Image source: by Susanlenox

Secession History 

Ver Sacrum
Ver Sacrum was useful to the movement to publish square versions of modernist austrian works.

Image source: by Bibliothèques de Nancy- Patrimoine

The Secession grew out of a dissatisfaction of artists with the system of expositions of contemporary artworks in the city during the 1890s. These shows were scheduled by the Association of Austrian Artists, which ran the Kunstlerhaus (Artists’ House) favoring the conservative artists who built up a majority of its members, generally discouraging efforts in the decorative and applied arts.

Secession Architecture

Joseph Maria Olbrich was an influent architect of the Austrian Art Nouveau and one of the founders of the Vienna Secession. Immediately Olbrich started to design their headquarters. This building was finished in 1898 and caused a sensation in Vienna. Bold and simple, it consisted of juxtaposed huge blocks and had a particular orientalizing aspect. However, its cupola of metal openwork with abundant floral ornaments was unmistakably Art Nouveau in quality.

Secession hall
Vienna Secession building by Joseph Maria Olbrich.-(Secession hall)

Image source: by Jorge Lascar

Josef Hoffmann was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods. In 1906, Hoffmann projected his first important building on the outskirts of Vienna, the Sanatorium Purkersdorf.

Sanatorium Purkersdorf, Vienna.
the Sanatorium Purkersdorf– Garden side entrance.

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One of the most transformative projects by Otto Wagner, another important figure to this movement, was the Austrian Postal Savings Bank that took ten years to plan. Built with reinforced concrete, metal, stone, and glass, it celebrates light, air, and the pureness of functionalism with the new usage of materials. His two private mansions, Villa Wagner I and Villa Wagner II were built for each one of his marriages.

File:Otto-Wagner-Villa I 0069.JPG
Wagner Villa I (1886–88).

Image source: by Muesse

File:Villa Wagner I Innenansicht Adolf Böhm Saal 2.JPG
Villa Wagner I (1886–88)

Image source: by Thomas Ledl

Secession Painters

Gustav Klimt was famous for the highly decorative style of his paintings. He was also the principal figure of the Viennese Art Nouveau movement of graphic arts. Klimt’s “Golden Phase” was very important. Starting with his Pallas Athena in 1898, Klimt created many masterpieces that made extensive use of ornamental gold leaf, reminiscent of Byzantine mosaics, precious to depict striking iconic figures. Among the most representative of works are: “Judith”, “Danae” and the masterpiece “The Kiss”.

Gustav Klimt (1862–1918), The Kiss (Lovers), 1907–1908
The Kiss, Gustav Klimt (1908).

Images source: by Tulip Hysteria / Go to albums

Gustav Klimt (1862–1918), Judith and the Head of Holofernes (Judith I), 1901
Giuditta e la testa di Oloferne  (Judith and the Head of Holofernes) , Gustav Klimt (1901).

Images source: by Tulip Hysteria / Go to albums

Josef Maria Auchentaller was an Austrian artist associated with the Vienna Secession and the Art Nouveau style. He gave his contribution to the magazine Ver Sacrum, a Secessionist publication. His work featured primarily floral patterns and linear drawings influenced by Japanese woodcuts which were popular during that time.

Bunte Bände (Portrait of Maria),1912.
Bunte Bände (Portrait of Maria), 1912. by Josef Maria Auchentaller

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