The Fifties and POP Culture (1950s)

Pop Art deals with everything commercial and cheap. It was started in Britain by The Indipendent Group.

Mosaic by Eduardo Paolozzi (detail)
Mosaic by Eduardo Paolozzi (detail)

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/e70e3986-27bd-4ba4-8622-a45300577495 by markhillary

Pop Art in the Idea of the Indipendent Group

The Independent Group was founded by artists of many fields of the  London’s art environment in the early 1950’s. Some of the main members of the Independent group were Eduardo Paolozzi, Richard Hamilton,William Turnbull,  Nigel Henderson and Lawrence Alloway. Pop Art movement employed images found in mass media and popular culture with a flat imagery. This art was a clear example of the power of film and television, and its imagery.

Newton by Eduardo Paolozzi
Newton by Eduardo Paolozzi

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/70a834c8-11cb-4912-9cff-78fe05a46e7e by Matt From London

Pop Art in Britain

Richard Hamilton - Just What Is It...
Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing? (1956)- by Richard Hamilton

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/e3486f2d-2727-4b5d-b8ad-fba83334458c by oddsock

Richard William Hamilton was an English collage artist and painter. Hamilton had an idea of the artist as an active consumer who contributed to mass culture. For Hamilton, Pop art was not just a movement, but a style of life. It included a total immersion in popular culture: movies, television, magazines and music. In 1956 his most famous work was ready: Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing?”. This collage is considered to be the starting point of English Pop Art.

After a trip to New York, Richard Hamilton started fusing elements of photography and painting in his works. During the 1980s he studied the opportunities coming from digital media and their effects on image perception in fine arts.

Richard Hamilton - Interview in Museum Prado
Richard Hamilton – Interview in Museum Prado

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/759ebaad-2619-4fad-b046-13086e315bc7 by Cea.

Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi was a sculptor and collage maker that combined surrealism with pop culture and modern machinery. Paolozzi had interests in all fields of art and would use a many objects and materials in his designs, mostly his collages. I was a Rich Man’s Plaything is considered the first standard bearer of Pop Art and first to feature the word “pop”. Paolozzi published the collage in 1952 as part of his innovative Bunk! series presentation at the Independent Group meeting in London.

I was a Rich Man's Plaything (1947)
I was a Rich Man’s Plaything (1947). by Eduardo Paolozzi

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduardo_Paolozzi#/media/File:I_was_a_Rich_Man’s_Plaything_1947.jpg

Pop Art Interior Design

Pop Art interior design style tends to be emotional and energetic, so it is appealing to young people who are ready to live in perpetual motion. The most important features are the following ones:

  • open plan;
  • primary colours;
  • stacking furniture;
  • new materials;
  • abstract, geometric patterns;
pop living
Pop Art Style, example.

Image source:  https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/13a84dfd-a7ce-406a-8c74-155ef84e76c8 by axeldeviaje

Pop Woman Stretched Canvas by Joe McDermott | Society6 outdoor wicker is a favorite of ours! So is this find by saadansari86.
Pop Woman Stretched Canvas by Joe McDermott

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/a9ac909e-00b3-4606-96ee-c26fe214eb10 by Wicker Paradise

Interior Designers

Charles and Ray Eames is famous for iconic chairs, chainging the idea of modern furniture. If they had limited their efforts to just one of these genres, we’d still be talking about them today. Yet they used their talentsin several different fields, becoming two of the greatest designers of the 20th Century.

File:Charles and Ray Eames - Plastic Chair 1950-53.jpg
Charles and Ray Eames – Plastic Chair 1950

Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Charles_and_Ray_Eames_-_Plastic_Chair_1950-53.jpg

Eames Lounge Chair and Ottoman | MoMA Store
Lounge Chair and Ottoman, 1956

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/49cd0552-d174-417f-93d9-12b350133aef by Wicker Paradise

Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol, whose original name was Andrew Warhola, was an American artist and filmmaker, a pioneer, leading exponent, of the Pop Art culture that dealt with mass-produced goods and banality of the commercial change in the United States. He thought a concept of the artist as an impersonal figure who is nevertheless a successful celebrity, businessman, and social climber.

Andy Warhol - Marilyn Pop Art
Andy Warhol – Marilyn Pop Art

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/d4eede73-f25f-4d38-ace3-b44fdc296b85 by Kelly DeLay

[ W ] Andy Warhol - Mao (1972)
Mao, by Andy Warhol, 1972.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/f467ac9b-eeb4-4437-80da-e45a67456410 by Cea.

The Movies

Rebel Without a Cause, for example is a 1955 American film dealing with emotionally confused suburban, middle-class teenagers filmed, directed by Nicholas Ray. It is a film that views in a sympathetic way rebellious, middle-class guys. A story of youthful defiance gives a rich vision of the world from the perspective of the protagonist a suffering teen with ineffectual parents, facing a new school environment.

Rebel Without a Cause (1955 poster).jpg
Rebel Without a Cause (1955 poster)

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebel_Without_a_Cause#/media/File:Rebel_Without_a_Cause_(1955_poster).jpg


Info source:

https://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/p/pop-art

https://www.theartstory.org/movement/pop-art/