POP Art Style (1950s)

Pop Art deals to everything commercial and cheap, and it began by The Independent Group.

Mosaic by Eduardo Paolozzi (detail)
Mosaic by Eduardo Paolozzi

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/e70e3986-27bd-4ba4-8622-a45300577495 by markhillary

Pop Art and the Independent Group

Artists of many fields in London’s art environment during the early 1950s founded The Independent Group. The main members included Eduardo Paolozzi, Richard Hamilton, William Turnbull, Nigel Henderson and Lawrence Alloway. Pop Art movement employed images found in mass media and popular culture with a flat imagery. Additionally, the art is a clear example of the power of film and television and its imagery.

Newton by Eduardo Paolozzi
Newton by Eduardo Paolozzi

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/70a834c8-11cb-4912-9cff-78fe05a46e7e by Matt From London

Pop Art in Britain

Just what is it that makes today's homes so different, so appealing? (1956)- by Richard Hamilton
Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing? (1956) by Richard Hamilton

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/e3486f2d-2727-4b5d-b8ad-fba83334458c by oddsock

Richard William Hamilton was an English collage artist and painter. Hamilton had an idea of the artist as an active consumer who contributed to mass culture. For Hamilton, this art style was not just a movement, but a way of life. It included a total immersion in popular culture: movies, television, magazines and music. In 1956, he finished his most famous work, “Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing?”. Further, the collage is the starting point of English Pop Art.

After a trip to New York, Hamilton fused elements of photography and painting in his works. During the 1980s, he studied the opportunities coming from digital media and their effects on image perception in fine arts.

Richard Hamilton - Interview in Museum Prado
Richard Hamilton – Interview in Museum Prado

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/759ebaad-2619-4fad-b046-13086e315bc7 by Cea.

Sculptor and collage maker Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi combined surrealism with pop culture and modern machinery. Paolozzi had interests in all fields of art and used many objects and materials in his designs. “I was a Rich Man’s Plaything,” is considered the first standard-bearer of this style and the first to feature the word “pop.” Additionally, Paolozzi published the collage in 1952 as part of his innovative “Bunk!” series presentation at the Independent Group meeting in London.

I was a Rich Man's Plaything (1947)
I was a Rich Man’s Plaything (1947) by Eduardo Paolozzi

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduardo_Paolozzi#/media/File:I_was_a_Rich_Man’s_Plaything_1947.jpg

Pop Art Interior Design

Design in this style tend to be emotional and energetic, so it is appealing to young people who are ready to live life in motion. The most important features are the following:

  • Open floor plan
  • Primary colors
  • Stacking furniture
  • New materials
  • Abstract, geometric patterns
pop living
Pop Art Style

Image source:  https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/13a84dfd-a7ce-406a-8c74-155ef84e76c8 by axeldeviaje

Interior Designs

Charles and Ray Eames is famous for iconic chairs that changed the idea of modern furniture. They used their talent sin several different fields, becoming two of the greatest designers of the 20th Century.

File:Charles and Ray Eames - Plastic Chair 1950-53.jpg
Plastic Chair (1950) by Charles and Ray Eames

Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Charles_and_Ray_Eames_-_Plastic_Chair_1950-53.jpg

Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol, whose name is actually Andrew Warhola, was an American artist, filmmaker and pioneer of the Pop Art culture that dealt with mass-produced goods. He thought of artists as impersonal figures who are nevertheless successful celebrities, businessmen, and social climbers.

Andy Warhol - Marilyn Pop Art
Andy Warhol – Marilyn Pop Art

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/d4eede73-f25f-4d38-ace3-b44fdc296b85 by Kelly DeLay

[ W ] Andy Warhol - Mao (1972)
Mao (1972) by Andy Warhol

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/f467ac9b-eeb4-4437-80da-e45a67456410 by Cea.

Pop Art Impact on Film

“Rebel Without a Cause,” is a 1955 American film dealing with emotionally confused suburban, middle-class teenagers. Nicholas Ray filmed and directed the film. Additionally, the story of youthful defiance gives a rich vision of the world from the perspective of a suffering teen with ineffectual parents, who faces a new school environment.

Rebel Without a Cause (1955 poster).jpg
Rebel Without a Cause Movie Poster (1955)

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebel_Without_a_Cause#/media/File:Rebel_Without_a_Cause_(1955_poster).jpg


Info source:

https://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/p/pop-art
https://www.theartstory.org/movement/pop-art/

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