Palladianism (1500)

Palladianism is named after the Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio, whose work had a relevant influence on architecture in Europe from the 17th century to the present day.

File:I quattro libri dell'architettura di Andrea Palladio . . . MET li120.32P17 P17.R.jpg
I quattro libri dell’architettura  by Andrea Palladio

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/dc28ab28-eadf-4fc6-b11b-33fe1894859c by Andrea Palladio

I quattro libri dell'architettura di Andrea Palladio. Ne'quale dopo un breue trattato de' cinque ordini, Andrea Palladio (Italian, Padua 1508–1580 Vicenza), Printed book with woodcut illustrations
I quattro libri dell’architettura di Andrea Palladio.

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/355053?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Palladio%27s+I+quattro+libri+dell%27architettura&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=3

Origins and Features of this Style

Palladio reinvented Roman architecture for contemporary use and published “I Quattro Libri dell’Architettura”  which was translated and republished all over Europe. His architecture was featured with symmetry, proportion, and his codification of Classical Orders. He used classical forms and decorative motifs. These are the main features:

  • Corinthian columns and acanthus leaves;
  • Shells, a symbol of the Roman goddess Venus;
  • Pediments and masks are used as decorations inside and outside of buildings.
  • Terms are used to recall the Roman god, Terminus, used as boundary markers.
Corinthian capital, Chiswick House, London
Corinthian capital, Chiswick House, London

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/b1dbae9b-d78f-4a12-90af-1a91991cc4c2 by orangeaurochs

Architects

Andrea Palladio was featured with a style that strongly recalls Classical times, his concept was based on ancient Roman architecture. He wrote “I Quattro Libri dell’Architettura”  which contains illustrations and explanations of his architecture. His first commission was Villa Godi. It features many elements of the architecture of castles, such as “La colombaia”, resembling a small tower, which allowed the owners to control the overlook.

VillaGodi_2007_07_07_01
Villa Godi _ in Lugo di Vicenza, Veneto by Andrea Palladio Photo: Hans A. Rosbach,

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/b02698bc-b9f8-47fc-ae78-91ee8bd63c6d by hans a rosbach

English Palladianism

Chiswick House was finished between 1725 and 1729, its designer was Lord Burlington; the centralized structure and square plan of the estate was inspired by Andrea Palladio’s Villa Rotonda near Vicenza (Italy).

Chiswick House
Chiswick House

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/1c71e58d-4c37-47c1-9360-c16d6ddd6cbf by Maxwell Hamilton

Chiswick House
Chiswick House

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/6b91eaff-fba8-42c1-a1a9-ad76f5677e2c by It’s No Game

Wanstead House instead, was designed by Colen Campbell, architect, and pioneer of the Palladian style. The grand entrance portico, arched windows, huge blocks of the basement, and the end pavilions adorned by arched “Venetian” windows at Wanstead will later become key Palladian architecture features.

Wanstead House
Wanstead House

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wanstead_House

Palladian Furniture

Architects were interested in buildings, grounds, and gardens. Furniture was something different and had to be in line with other elements. William Kent designed Palladian furniture linked to Palladian architecture. Kent worked as a decorator and he designed many items of furnitures for Burlington’s villa, and Chiswick House. The “Kentian” conception was ornate, monumental, and with golden details.

Chiswick House / Conservatory dome
Chiswick House / Conservatory dome

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/c328d800-c267-458e-a8b2-5589a8a0ae65 by Images George Rex

Benjamin Goodison is another important designer that needs to be mentioned. He was part of the Royal cabinet under George II of Great Britain, he took inspiration from the neo-Palladian designs of William Kent.

Settee, Possibly made by Benjamin Goodison (British, 1700–1767), Gilded gesso on walnut; previously covered in eighteenth-century blue silk damask not original to the settee, British
Settee ca. 1730_ Possibly made by Benjamin Goodison (British, 1700–1767)

Settee, Possibly made by Benjamin Goodison (British, 1700–1767), Gilded gesso on walnut; previously covered in eighteenth-century blue silk damask not original to the settee, British

Images source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/195160?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Benjamin+Goodison&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=1


Info source: https://www.vam.ac.uk/collections/palladianism