Vienna Secession Style (1897-1914)

The Vienna Secession started as a reaction to the conservatism of the artistic institutions in the Austrian capital at the end of the 19th century.

Secession Monograms.
Secession Monograms.

Image source: http://nyarc.org/

Secession History 

Ver Sacrum was useful to the movement to publish square versions of modernist austrian works.
Ver Sacrum was useful to the movement to publish square versions of modernist austrian works.

The Secession grew out of a dissatisfaction of artists with the system of expositions of contemporary artworks in the city during the 1890s. These shows were scheduled by the Association of Austrian Artists, that ran the Kunstlerhaus (Artists’ House) favoring the conservative artists who built up a majority of its members, generally discouraging efforts in the decorative and applied arts.


Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/324611085623001165/

Secession Architecture

Joseph Maria Olbrich was an influent architect of the Austrian Art Nouveau and one of the founders of the Vienna Secession. Immediately Olbrich started to design their headquarters. This building was finished in 1898 and caused a sensation in Vienna. Bold and simple, it consisted of juxtaposed huge blocks and had a particular orientalizing aspect. However, its cupola of metal openwork with abundant floral ornaments was unmistakably Art Nouveau in quality.

Vienna Secession building by Joseph Maria Olbrich.
Vienna Secession building by Joseph Maria Olbrich.

Image source: http://www.tripwolf.com/en/guide/show/136102/Austria/Vienna/Secession

Josef Hoffmann was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods. In 1906, Hoffmann projected his first important building on the outskirts of Vienna, the Sanatorium Purkersdorf.

Sanatorium Purkersdorf, Vienna.
Sanatorium Purkersdorf, Vienna.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.it/pin/679410293771622469/

One of the most transformative projects by Otto Wagner, another important figure to this movement, was the Austrian Postal Savings Bank that took ten years to plan. Built with reinforced concrete, metal, stone, and glass, it celebrates light, air, and the pureness of functionalism with the new usage of materials. His two private mansions, Villa Wagner I and Villa Wagner II were built for each one of his marriages.

Wagner Villa I (1886–88) .
Wagner Villa I (1886–88).

Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/merula/2889844305

Secession Painters

Gustave Klimt was famous for the highly decorative style of his paintings. He was also the principal figure of the Viennese Art Nouveau movement of graphic arts. Klimt “Golden Phase” was very important. Starting with his Pallas Athena in 1898, Klimt created many masterpieces that made extensive use of ornamental gold leaf, reminiscent of Byzantine mosaics, precious to depict striking iconic figures. Among the most representative of works are: “Judith”, “Danae” and the masterpiece “The Kiss”.

The Kiss, Gustav Klimt (1908).
The Kiss, Gustav Klimt (1908).
Judith, Gustav Klimt (1901).
Judith, Gustav Klimt (1901).

Images source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Klimt_-_The_Kiss.jpg

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/336/6086/1232/tab-figures-data

Josef Maria Auchentaller was an Austrian artist associated with the Vienna Secession and the Art Nouveau style. He gave his contribution to the magazine Ver Sacrum, a Secessionist publication. His work featured primarily floral patterns and linear drawings influenced by Japanese woodcuts which were the popular during that time.

Bunte Bände (Portrait of Maria),1912.
Bunte Bände (Portrait of Maria), 1912.

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facing_the_Modern:_The_Portrait_in_Vienna_1900

 Info source: https://www.theviennasecession.com/vienna-secession/

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