The Fifties and POP Culture (1950s)

Pop Art deals with everything commercial and cheap. It was started in Britain by The Indipendent Group.

Pop Art in interior design
Pop Art in interior design.

Image source: http://www.home.co.id/read/2127/hunian-ceria-dengan-desain-interior-pop-art

Pop Art in the Idea of the Indipendent Group

The Independent Group was founded by artists of many fields of the  London’s art environment in the early 1950’s. Some of the main members of the Independent group were Eduardo Paolozzi, Richard Hamilton,William Turnbull,  Nigel Henderson and Lawrence Alloway. Pop Art movement employed images found in mass media and popular culture with a flat imagery. This art was a clear example of the power of film and television, and its imagery.

Celebrities of 1950s
Celebrities of 1950s.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/346425396320742272/

Pop Art in Britain

 Just what is it that makes today's homes so different, so appealing? (1956)
Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing? (1956)

Richard William Hamilton was an English collage artist and painter. Hamilton had an idea of the artist as an active consumer who contributed to mass culture. For Hamilton, Pop art was not just a movement, but a style of life. It included a total immersion in popular culture: movies, television, magazines and music. In 1956 his most famous work was ready: Just what is it that makes today’s homes so different, so appealing?”. This collage is considered to be the starting point of English Pop Art.

Image source: https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/british-art-d1267bc5-5a07-4405-8548-125294bb8865

After a trip to New York, Richard Hamilton started fusing elements of photography and painting in his works. During the 1980s he studied the opportunities coming from digital media and their effects on image perception in fine arts.

Richard Hamilton, London.
Richard Hamilton, London.

Image source: http://britainisnocountryforoldmen.blogspot.com/2011/12/britain-is-country-which-in-2011-said_31.html

Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi was a sculptor and collage maker that combined surrealism with pop culture and modern machinery. Paolozzi had interests in all fields of art and would use a many objects and materials in his designs, mostly his collages. I was a Rich Man’s Plaything is considered the first standard bearer of Pop Art and first to feature the word “pop”. Paolozzi published the collage in 1952 as part of his innovative Bunk! series presentation at the Independent Group meeting in London.

I was a Rich Man's Plaything (1947)
I was a Rich Man’s Plaything (1947).

Image source: https://medium.com/fgd1-the-archive/andy-warhol-d9754bdfac4d

Pop Art Interior Design

Pop Art interior design style tends to be emotional and energetic, so it is appealing to young people who are ready to live in perpetual motion. The most important features are the following ones:

  • open plan;
  • primary colours;
  • stacking furniture;
  • new materials;
  • abstract, geometric patterns;
Home Decor Of The 1950’s
Home Decor Of The 1950’s.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.it/pin/25966135338575969/

Bedroom in Pop Art Style, example.
Bedroom in Pop Art Style, example.

Image source: https://www.houzz.com/photos/pop-work-ideas-and-photos-phbr0lbl-bl~l_168230

Interior Designers

Charles and Ray Eames is famous for iconic chairs, chainging the idea of modern furniture. If they had limited their efforts to just one of these genres, we’d still be talking about them today. Yet they used their talentsin several different fields, becoming two of the greatest designers of the 20th Century.

Eames molded Plywood loung chair (1946).
Eames molded Plywood loung chair (1946).

Image source: https://www.spruceandpine.com/blog/mid-century-modern-101

Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol, whose original name was Andrew Warhola, was an American artist and filmmaker, a pioneer, leading exponent, of the Pop Art culture that dealt with mass-produced goods and banality of the commercial change in the United States. He thought a concept of the artist as an impersonal figure who is nevertheless a successful celebrity, businessman, and social climber.

Mao, Andy Warhol, 1972.
Mao, Andy Warhol, 1972.

Image source: https://www.wikiart.org/en/andy-warhol

The Movies

Rebel Without a Cause, for example is a 1955 American film dealing with emotionally confused suburban, middle-class teenagers filmed, directed by Nicholas Ray. It is a film that views in a sympathetic way rebellious, middle-class guys. A story of youthful defiance gives a rich vision of the world from the perspective of the protagonist a suffering teen with ineffectual parents, facing a new school environment.

Rebel Without a Cause 1955
Rebel Without a Cause – 1955

Image source: https://www.pinterest.co.uk/erinalbion/ms-fieldss-his-109-film-history/

Info source: https://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/p/pop-art

https://www.theartstory.org/movement/pop-art/