Chippendale Style (1750-1780)

The Chippendale Style was named after its creator, Thomas Chippendale. He was one of the best skilled cabinetmakers and designers of the 18th century.

Imaginary portrait of Thomas Chippendale on the Exhibition Road façade of the V&A, Albert Hodge, 1906.
Imaginary portrait of Thomas Chippendale on the Exhibition Road façade of the V&A, Albert Hodge, 1906.

Image source: http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/t/thomas-chippendale/

About Thomas Chippendale.

Thomas Chippendale was born in Otley in a carpenters family. Chippendale’s designs came from several styles, from Rococò to Gothic and chinoiserie. Later Chippendale was also influenced by Neoclassical works of the architect Robert Adam. In 1754 he published a book of his designs, “The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker’s Director”. The book had a great success and made him famous.


The Gentleman and Cabinetmakers Director's cover.
The Gentleman and Cabinetmakers Director’s cover.

Image source: https://zsr.wfu.edu

Along with Thomas Sheraton and George Hepplewhite he became one of the “three magnificent” of English furniture design of the eighteenth century. After the death of Chippendale in 1779, his shop was carried on by his son, also named Thomas.

Plaque to Chippendale's memory in the place of his birth.
Plaque to Chippendale’s memory in the place of his birth.

 Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org

About his work.

Chippendale was more than a simple cabinet maker, he took control of the interior design production for nobles. While designing a product he also paid attention to the choice of colours, according to the type of room. St. Martin’s Lane laboratory is the outcome of his efforts in production. Chippendale furniture included different types of furnishings, most of them were commissioned for noble families mansions.

Chippendale beds for Harewood House.
Chippendale beds for Harewood House.

Image source: https://harewood.org

Chippendale bookcase in the smoking room at Wilton House, Salisbury.
Chippendale bookcase in the smoking room at Wilton House, Salisbury.

Image source: https://tfeanda.com

About Chippendale style. 

Chippendale Style literally made the school. The special appeal of his designs was recalled in the second half of the 19th century, with the creation of derivative styles, fused together with other styles, such as gothic. The most famous are:

  • Gothic Chippendale, featured with s-shaped curves and pointed arches in the backs of chairs.
  • Chinese Chippendale, whose creations often included cabinets and shelves  featuring pagoda-style pediments arranged in a fretwork design.

Mahogany ribbonback chairs in the Rococo style, designed by Thomas Chippendale, 18th century.
Mahogany ribbonback chairs in the Rococo style, designed by Thomas Chippendale, 18th century.

Image source: https://www.britannica.com

Corner cupboard, Thomas Chippendale, about 1768–78.
Corner cupboard, Thomas Chippendale, about 1768–78.

Image source: https://www.pinterest.pt

Info source:https://www.architectureartdesigns.com/everything-you-need-to-know-about-chippendale-furniture/

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