Chippendale Style (1750-1780)

The Chippendale Style was named after its creator, Thomas Chippendale. He was one of the best-skilled cabinetmakers and designers of the 18th century.

Thomas Chippendale
Thomas Chippendale- his statue in Otley

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/85cfb2db-2152-45d7-9edb-5ccb84f8d0bb by Tim Green aka atoach

About Thomas Chippendale

Thomas Chippendale was born in Otley in a carpenters family. Chippendale’s designs came from several styles, from Rococò to Gothic and chinoiserie. Later Chippendale was also influenced by the Neoclassical works of the architect Robert Adam. In 1754 he published a book of his designs, “The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker’s Director”. The book had a great success and made him famous.

Armchair, After a design by Thomas Chippendale (British, baptised Otley, West Yorkshire 1718–1779 London), Mahogany, needlework, British
Armchair, ca. 1755- After a design by Thomas Chippendale -In Chippendale’s designs

Armchair, After a design by Thomas Chippendale (British, baptised Otley, West Yorkshire 1718–1779 London), Mahogany, needlework, British

Armchair, After a design by Thomas Chippendale (British, baptised Otley, West Yorkshire 1718–1779 London), Mahogany, needlework, British

Armchair, After a design by Thomas Chippendale (British, baptised Otley, West Yorkshire 1718–1779 London), Mahogany, needlework, British

Images source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/203747?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Thomas+Chippendale&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=2

Along with Thomas Sheraton and George Hepplewhite, he became one of the “three magnificent” English furniture designs of the eighteenth century. After the death of Chippendale in 1779, his shop was carried on by his son, also named Thomas.

Thomas Chippendale's blue plaque
Plaque to Chippendale’s memory in the place of his birth.

 Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/4b69ebf3-a3d3-4848-9e51-5ef71bf2026f by michael ely

About his work

Chippendale was more than a simple cabinet maker, he took control of the interior design production for nobles. While designing a product he also paid attention to the choice of colors, according to the type of room. St. Martin’s Lane laboratory is the outcome of his efforts in production. Chippendale furniture included different types of furnishings, most of them were commissioned for noble families’ mansions.

Library Table, from Chippendale Drawings, Vol. II, Thomas Chippendale (British, baptised Otley, West Yorkshire 1718–1779 London), Black ink, gray wash
Library Table, from Chippendale Drawings, Vol. II_ ca. 1753–62, Thomas Chippendale

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/390597?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Thomas+Chippendale&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=14

State Dressing Room, Nostell Priory
State Dressing Room, Nostell Priory_ furniture by Chippendale the bed dates from 1771.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/1c523879-26eb-467f-8c82-8bb1ba08f21d by David Dixon

About Chippendale style

Chippendale Style made the school. The special appeal of his designs was recalled in the second half of the 19th century, with the creation of derivative styles, fused with other styles, such as gothic. The most famous are:

  • Gothic Chippendale, featured with s-shaped curves and pointed arches in the backs of chairs.
  • Chinese Chippendale, whose creations often included cabinets and shelves  featuring pagoda-style pediments arranged in a fretwork design.
Fret, from Chippendale Drawings, Vol. II, Thomas Chippendale (British, baptised Otley, West Yorkshire 1718–1779 London), Brown ink
Fret, from Chippendale Drawings, Vol. II- ca. 1760–70- ( Design for a fret with a Greek motif, not published in Thomas Chippendale’s ‘Gentleman and Cabinet Maker’s Director’.) Thomas Chippendale

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/390680?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Thomas+Chippendale&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=13


Info source: https://www.architectureartdesigns.com/everything-you-need-to-know-about-chippendale-furniture/