Modern (1920-1980)

Modern Design dominated the 20th Century and takes inspiration from Modernist movements.

Fallingwater (Frank Lloyd Wright) house with a waterfall coming outside the bottom of the house.
Kauffman Fallingwater house – Frank Lloyd Wright

Image source:https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/08cc508e-7a20-4975-9db0-68024386c100 by brdonovan

Modern Style Architecture

One of the main characteristics of modern architecture is its simplicity. The modern design encourages spaces to be clean and functional. Further, lines are important to make linear buildings which are usually straight and angled. Homes sometimes have several rooflines at different levels, yet the living areas are all connected. Windows are used in the design to bring in much natural light.

Modern Architecture, functionalist example.- The Guggenheim museum (New York, USA 2012), by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation in 1939
The Guggenheim museum by the Solomon R.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/68f3f1e8-fdc7-4590-9cd5-e383aeafd3d0 by paularps

Modern Architecture

The Winslow House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in Illinois, takes inspiration from Wright’s mentor Louis Sullivan. Sheltered beneath a low-pitched roof with wide eaves, the house is symmetrical and can be divided horizontally into a stone section. The rear has irregular geometric forms, contrasting with the facade. Further, the interior resembles Wright’s home and the Charnley House.

Winslow House: A house with a rectangular base and triangular roof with two distinct floors, a white front doorway with a dark door, and a two-toned brick facade.
Winslow House, Chicago suburb (1893)

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/bf0c12dc-205f-4f47-871d-d3a55d166baf by Teemu008

Le Corbusier corner, Weissenhofsiedlung: A white block building with a straight-line of rectangular windows along the edge.
Weissenhof-Siedlung Houses 14 and 15.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/30877fae-cc22-4781-99e3-33e67259b022 by karaian

The two-family structure called Houses 14 and 15, created by Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret in 1927, can be found on the outskirts of Stuttgart. A progressive precedent for the new International Style, Le Corbusier’s work in Stuttgart is seen as a critical prototype in the building and realization of the Swiss architect’s architectural identity. Additionally, this would change the 20th century way of conceiving architecture.

The Grand Rex is a cinema, in Paris, famous for its distinctive decoration and huge main auditorium, which is the largest cinema theater in Europe. The Grand Rex’s most important hall features a starred ceiling and fairytale-like decorations on the sides of the screen. Additionally, the cinema’s external facade is out of proportion in comparison to neighboring buildings. The cinema is an important trace of art deco architecture, due to the tower in this style.

New Order, Le Grand Rex, Paris, October 2019
Grand Rex, Paris

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/76179913-39ec-4666-95b8-f77944e6f902 by Ardfern

Modern Objects Design

Within the modern style, functionality is important, and lines maintain both organic and geometric features. Further, minimal ornamentation is a characteristic of all modern projects, with the combination of contrasting materials, including plastic for example. Liberal use of traditional materials, and non-traditional materials, such as metal or vinyl and plexiglass, is also common.

Cocoon Chair, an example of Modern design chair with a red interior cushion and a grey outer color.
Cocoon Chair

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/387cafc4-7240-460c-8807-dc084f0779c1 by Cea.

Chair at Dwell on Design: A white spherical chair with a green interior.
Chair at Dwell on Design – the white bulb chair

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/5c47e2ae-e1a6-4357-a12c-f6909450a86a by ricardodiaz11


Info sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_architecture
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winslow_House_(River_Forest,_Illinois)

http://www.archdaily.com/490048/ad-classics-weissenhof-siedlung-houses-14-and-15-le-corbusier-and-pierre-jeanneret

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Rex
https://www.thespruce.com/things-you-should-know-about-mid-century-1391827

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