Neo-Classic

Neo-classicism, which took inspiration from Ancient Greek and Roman Design, spread throughout Western countries for nearly a century.

L'église de la Madelein: a large column structure with various religious imagery painted along the side.
L’église Sainte-Marie-Madeleine, neo classical architecture

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/ecc3d556-c521-429e-b474-1f4c82707282 by Jorge Lascar

Neo-Classic Architecture

Neo-classical architecture is a revival of Classical architecture. The movement was interested in the logic of Classical volume and a tendency to reuse Classical features. Neo-classical architecture has the following characteristics:

  • Grandeur of scale
  • Simple geometrical forms
  • Greek or Roman details
  • Dramatic use of columns
  • Blank walls
An example of Neoclassical architecture in the form of a circle column structure found in France.
An example of Neoclassical architecture from France.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/c7db5816-d795-485a-a7ce-e3736e8e31a9 by Following Hadrian

The Pantheon, in Paris, was originally conceived as a monument for the French nation, as it is the church of Paris’s patron saint. It can be considered Neo-classical because of these features:

  1. Classical forms were fused with a Gothic type of design, including the use of concealed flying buttresses and relatively light stone vaultings.
  2. The Greek cross present in the piece. Originally, the walls were pierced with windows in each bay between the columns.
Photo of The Pantheon, in Paris, which is an example of neo-classical design
The Pantheon, Paris (1756-97)

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/323e067a-b866-4e05-b787-951c8816a293 by ell brown

The Brandenburg Gate is an 18th-century neoclassical monument in Berlin, and one of the most famous landmarks of Germany. It was built on the site of a former city gate used to mark the start of a road from Berlin to the city of Brandenburg. The project was made by Carl Gotthard Langhans and was finished between 1788 and 1791. It has twelve Doric columns, that form five passageways. On the top of the gate is a Quadriga, a chariot pulled by four horses. The new gate was originally called the Peace Gate and the goddess Eirene, who is depicted, symbolizes peace.

Photo of the Brandenburg Gate, in Germany, which is a large tan-stone structure with columns.
Brandenburg Gate-Germany

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/569d0bc8-585e-4f76-b62d-c806001e790b by archer10 (Dennis)

Neo-classic Interior design

A mahogany lounge chair with a bright red cushion.
Couch – Attributed to the Workshop of Duncan Phyfe

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/7604?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Classical+Couch%2c+1805&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=3

Neo-classical furniture tends to be rectangular and without curves. It also features straight lines, with a logical order, and is influenced by Rococò furniture. Ornamentation is sometimes detailed and rich, but it is always abundant. There is an important use of painting, light carving relief, and marquetry. Mahogany is the most used kind of wood, yet sometimes satinwood was also employed in this style.

Carved and gilded beechwood sofa, upholstered in modern blue dotted silk, French
Sofa (canapé à confidents) ca. 1775–80 -Claude I Sené

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/206983?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Neoclassical+furniture&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=19


Info source:

https://www.britannica.com/art/Neoclassical-architecture

https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/neo-classicism/a/soufflot-the-panthon-paris

http://www.artnewsnviews.com/view-article.php?article=the-age-of-revivals-neoclassical-furniture&iid=13&articleid=246

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brandenburg_Gate

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